Recommendation 8: The Army should focus training for the individual Soldier and TSU in the near-term as follows:

   Define TSU training objectives to produce TSUs that perform acceptably on the TSU measures of performance (MOPs) and measures of effectiveness (MOEs).

   Produce nonintrusive physiological status monitors to allow self-awareness and command chain assessments.

   Apply results of research in individual differences to the administration of TSU training.

   Expand sociocultural training capabilities to produce necessary TSU skills within time and resource constraints expected for TSU deployments.

   Expand instructor development to incorporate current theories of learning and feedback.

   Develop a concept for TSU master trainers to be assigned to company or battalion level to ensure continuous effective training of TSUs.

   Develop tools for TSU leaders (and leaders at higher levels) to assess Soldier and TSU training readiness against the TSU MOPs and MOEs.

   Ensure that effects of nutrition, hydration, sleep, dietary supplements, tobacco, and alcohol on cognitive and physical performance are incorporated in all modes of training of Soldiers and non-commissioned officers, including electronic games as well as live, virtual, and constructive simulations for individual (self) and group training.

Recommendation 9: In the mid to far terms, the Army should refine its focus on training for the individual Soldier and TSU by increasing the resolution of its suite of assessment tools to allow tracking of Soldier and TSU skill acquisition through and during each individual and collective training event, including live, virtual, and constructive simulations and electronic games.

Integrating the TSU into Army Networks

The Army has already recognized the important role of the network in achieving expanded capabilities in combat. Yet, dismounted Soldiers and TSUs today have limited organic capability (e.g., radios) to take advantage of networking in all mission environments. Ensuring full integration of the TSU into the Army network is essential to achieve decisive overmatch for dismounted TSUs and Soldiers.

A crucial concept to guide this integration is the necessity of ensuring that TSU leaders and individual Soldiers have sufficient Situational Understanding. Full situational understanding requires all three levels of situational awareness:

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