• Level 1 situational awareness is the perception of disaggregate elements of information acquired from data received from sensors either directly or indirectly; plus
• Level 2 situational awareness, often referred to as situational understanding, is achieved when Level 1 perceptions are further combined, interpreted, stored or retained for use by a Soldier or TSU, plus
• Level 3 situational awareness is reached when Level 2 perceptions are applied to project possible future events and anticipate outcomes.
Dismounted TSU leaders and Soldiers require send-and-receive access to communications networks, information networks, and sociocognitive networks. For decisive overmatch, the three types of networks must provide full use of sensor, lethal and other capabilities, both external and organic to the TSU,
Integration of the Soldier and TSU into the Army’s networks will require near-term investments in Army networks, such as the following:
• Communications networks enhancements including TSU-level network management, remote control of radio transmission modes, and hands-free display interfaces capable of operating in all weather conditions, day and night, without compromising the security of the Soldier or TSU.
• Information networks capable of providing position location and tracking information in GPS-denied environments, automated tagging of information received to aid visualization, prioritization and dissemination, and access to level 1 situational awareness data from supporting sensors.
• Socio-cognitive networks capable of providing real-time access to such things as reports on tactical ground activities from collateral units and biometric databases for identification of adversaries.
Network capabilities required in the mid to far terms include the following:
• Integration with autonomous systems networks and user interfaces in addition to audible or digital interfaces, such as gesture recognition.
• Network applications, such as an intelligent TSU leader-assist tool to provide critical information alerts, assistance with planning and execution of missions, and automatic reporting and to provide behavior trend analyses of changes in enemy and civilian activities.
• Network enabled support of information sharing with collateral forces.
Recommendation 10: To achieve decisive overmatch capabilities, the Army should fully integrate the Soldier and TSU into existing and planned communications, information, and socio-cognitive networks ensuring that the network enhancements required for this purpose address all DOTMLPF domains.