Expand sociocultural training capabilities to produce necessary TSU skills within time and resource constraints expected for TSU deployments.

     Expand instructor development to incorporate current theories of learning and feedback.

     Develop a concept for TSU master trainers to be assigned to company or battalion level to ensure continuous effective training of TSUs.

     Develop tools for TSU leaders (and leaders at higher levels) to assess Soldier and TSU training readiness against the TSU MOPs and MOEs.

     Ensure that effects of nutrition, hydration, sleep, dietary supplements, tobacco, and alcohol on cognitive and physical performance are incorporated in all modes of training of Soldiers and noncommissioned officers, including electronic games as well as live, virtual, and constructive simulations for individual (self) and group training.

Recommendation 9: In the mid to far terms, the Army should refine its focus on training for the individual Soldier and TSU by increasing the resolution of its suite of assessment tools to allow tracking of Soldier and TSU skill acquisition through and during each individual and collective training event, including live, virtual, and constructive simulations and electronic games.


Soldiers and TSUs currently have limited organic capability (e.g., radios) to integrate maneuver and fires in all environments to achieve tactical overmatch. They must have “reach back” and “reach forward” capability in the areas of mission command, intelligence, fires, mission planning, location/tracking of forces, social networks, and all of their associated enablers.

Based on the approaches used in recent years, the Army believes integration can be achieved by providing Soldiers and TSUs with a geolocation system and radio-enabled information systems that are integrated into current and evolving Army networks, such as the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical. This perception arises in large part from Army development programs: Future Force Warrior (part of the canceled Future Combat Systems), Land Warrior (canceled program), and the more current Nett Warrior (formerly known as Ground Soldier System). All of these programs focused on providing Soldiers a Global Positioning System (GPS)-based personal location system combined with data communications that enable a Soldier to view his location, the location of other Blue force personnel and vehicles, information on enemy spot reports, mission command graphics, text messages, and similar warfighting information. The goal of these Army systems was to enable situational awareness at the Soldier level, not necessarily to integrate the Soldier within the small unit.

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