tions later in the process. HSE does not recommend or endorse a particular technology over another; it allows the adoption or adaptation of any technology as long as the developer or “dutyholder” accounts for potential risks. HSE does look to other sectors and industries for lessons learned and how these other sectors have managed risks.

As stated in the position paper, HSE staff believe that the wind industry needs to define its own health and safety culture. HSE reports that large operators and manufacturers have exhibited strong leadership in developing a regulatory framework that demonstrates safety throughout their supply chain. To this end, HSE believes that cooperation and collaboration with all stakeholders are essential aspects of building and maintaining a health and safety culture. By engaging the sector at all levels, HSE wants to encourage stakeholders to set standards and to generate guidelines. Through contacts and site visits, collaboration will also facilitate a better understanding of the wind farm life cycle and the hazard and risk profile of the wind sector.67

In addition, the committee was informed by industry representatives that many European companies look to HSE for health and safety guidance because it has the most offshore wind turbines installed; has established clear jurisdictional lines; and has the most established set of regulations and guidelines, which are updated on the basis of experience.68


RenewableUK is the leading trade association for the wind and marine renewable industries in the United Kingdom. It promotes the generation, deployment, and use of wind, wave, and tidal power. Originally formed in 1984 as the British Wind Energy Association, RenewableUK changed its name and broadened its focus in 2004. The association became involved in offshore wind more than a decade ago and has since produced and developed a range of publications, reports, and industry guidelines. RenewableUK’s guidelines, in particular, provide important summaries of relevant health and safety issues and are drafted in


67 Gary Lang and Rhiannon Hardy, UK HSE, paper submitted to the committee, April 2012.

68 J. Nielsen, Siemens, presentation to the committee, April 2012.

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