Tool/Method Level, purpose, description, sample size, psychometric properties Population at risk: race/ethnicity; sex; sexual identity; disability; geographic location Social determinants: living and working conditions; sociocultural; socioeconomic; life course exposure
Traffic, Safety, and Social Factors Scales (Franzini et al., 2009) Community level Tools and methods to investigate the association between physical and social neighborhood environments and 5th-grade students’ PA and obesity Self-administered and observation N=650 children and caregivers Reliability – internal consistency; Validity – NR Race/ethnicity: AA, Hispanic, white Sex: M/F Sexual identity: NR Geographic: Urban Living and working conditions: Neighborhood, crime/safety, pedestrian/traffic safety, aesthetics, land use, population/housing density, social environment Sociocultural: Covariates – social influence (e.g., parental modeling) Socioeconomic: Covariates – SES, race; Related variables – income, education Life course exposure: NR
Home Environment Survey (Gattshall et al., 2008) Home – individual level To validate a survey instrument to assess home environments for PA and healthy eating in overweight children 126 items; self-administered questionnaire N=219 children; N=156 parents Reliability – inter-rater, test-retest, internal consistency; Validity – predictive Race/ethnicity: AA, AI/ AN, Hispanic, Asian, white Sex: M/F Sexual identity: NR Disability: NR Geographic: NR Living and working conditions: Food environment, PA environment, individual diet and PA variables Sociocultural: Covariates – social influence, parental modeling Socioeconomic: Related variables – education Life course exposure: NR
Perceived Barriers to Physical Activity (Gomez et al., 2004) Individual level To model relationships between outdoor PA and objective violent crime densities Questionnaire items NR; self-administered N=177 low-income adolescents, 12 to 18 yrs old Reliability – NR; Validity – construct validity, two criterion Race/ethnicity: AA, Hispanic, white Sex: M/F Sexual identity: NR Disability: NR Geographic: Urban Living and working conditions: Perceived crime/ safety Sociocultural: NR Socioeconomic: Covariates – SES, race; Related variables – income Life course exposure: NR


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