The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 401
F National Plan Resources Included in this appendix: • TABLE F-1 International Evaluation Plans and Activities • TABLE F-2 Examples of National Surveillance and Evaluation Systems • TABLE F-3 Comprehensive State Obesity Prevention, Physical Activity, and Nutrition Plans 401

OCR for page 401
TABLE F-1 International Evaluation Plans and Activities Country or Organization Evaluation Plan or Activity Description Reference Australia National Obesity Taskforce A national action agenda identifying Commonwealth of Australia, actions and outcomes to monitor 2003 the progress of setting-specific strategies, monitoring of performance and evidence, and outcomes for coordination and capacity building for children, young people, and families Australia Indigenous Chronic Disease Strategies for and a monitoring Australian Government Package and evaluation framework to reach Department of Health and targets for closing the gap between Aging, 2010 Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians (reducing health disparities) EPODE EPODE European Network Recommendations for the Borys et al., 2011 (Together Recommendations implementation of community-based Let’s Prevent interventions aimed at preventing Childhood childhood obesity Obesity) A Scientific Evaluation and European Dissemination Committee is Network developing the EPODE evaluation “how to” on a large scale European European Union Platform Common monitoring framework for European Commission, 2005, Commission for Action on Diet, each member country published in 2007, 2010, 2013b,c Physical Activity, and annual reports Health Platform emphasizes policy interventions at governmental levels, including marketing of unhealthful foods; availability of processed foods with reduced total fat or added sugar; guidelines for physical activity; inclusion of physical and nutrition education in schools; strengthening of monitoring systems; community-based interventions European European Community A list of common indicators to European Commission, Commission Health Indicators facilitate cross-country comparisons 2013a 402 Evaluating Obesity Prevention Efforts

OCR for page 401
TABLE F-1 Continued Country or Organization Evaluation Plan or Activity Description Reference United Kingdom Cross-Government Strategy Components include (1) indicators UK Department of Health for achieving the vision; (2) activities and Department of Children, to achieve the vision; (3) building a Schools, and Families, 2008 Coalition for Better Health, a Cabinet Committee on Health and Well-being, a Cabinet Committee on Families, Children, and Young People, and a cross-government obesity advisory group to help develop dialogue, intersectoral, and other needed infrastructural supports; provide cross-sector/government leadership; monitoring; and (4) performing the work to report to the Committees and build the evidence base One-year progress and monitoring reports from this “cross-government strategy” include a set of leading indicators and outcome indicators United Kingdom Change4Life, evaluated by Messages promote 8 key behaviors: National Social Marketing the Department of Health sugar swaps, 5-a-day, meal time, Centre, 2006; UK Department bite-size meals, 60 active minutes, of Health, 2010a cut back fat, up & about, and snack check United Kingdom Strategy and Call to Action Focus is the role of the local decision Equality and Inclusion Team, from the UK Coalition of makers and the connection to the 2011; UK Department of Health government’s role as a national leader Health, 2010b, 2011 (and the Public Health and support for guidance Responsibility Deal) A “National Ambition Review Group” reviews progress on obesity Equality Analysis template helps account for fair and just action World Health WHO European Childhood Coordination that harmonized WHO, 2013; Wijnhoven et Organization Obesity Surveillance surveillance systems for childhood al., 2013 (WHO)/Europe Initiative (COSI) obesity across the European member states Region. Supplements the ongoing, (21 countriesa) country-specific obesity monitoring. Targets measured body mass index surveillance for children aged 6 to 9 yrs old a21 counties established the Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI), and as of the 2009/2010 data collection period 17 counties have participated. Appendix F 403

OCR for page 401
404 TABLE F-2 Examples of National Surveillance and Evaluation Systems* Level of Sample Design (if Estimates or Frequency of Data applicable) and Target Population (or Data Data Source and Website Sponsor Updates Sample Size Components) Available Comments Early Childhood Longitudinal DoED 2 previous cohorts: National sample of Children from birth or National Measured Study-Birth (ECLS-B) and 2001 birth cohort; children in 3 cohorts kindergarten through height and Kindergarten (ECLS-K) 1998-1999 Longitudinal middle school weight http://nces.ed.gov/ecls/index. K-cohort followed follow-up Food aspen through 8th grade consumption at home and 2010-2011 school K-cohort followed through 5th grade Early Head Start Family and HHS/ACF Periodic 2007-2014 Cohort study (through Children in Early National Breastfeeding Child experiences Survey age 3 years) Head Start Infant feeding (Baby FACES) Representative sample practices http://www.acf.hhs.gov/ of 89 Early Head Start Diet and programs/opre/research/ programs in 2009 and activity project/early-head-start-family- 2 cohorts of families: behaviors and-child-experiences-study- (1) a perinatal group Child care baby- and (2) a group of faces infants about 1 yrs old Food Environment Atlas USDA/ERS Ongoing Assembles statistics Varies Varies Food http://www.ers.usda. on food environment environment gov/data-products/ indicators food-environment-atlas

OCR for page 401
Head Start Family and Child HHS/ACF Periodic 1997-2013 Cohort study Children in Head Start National Diet and activity Experiences Survey (FACES) Samples of Head Start behaviors http://www.acf.hhs.gov/ families, children, and Child care programs/opre/research/ programs project/head-start-family- 65 programs, and-child-experiences- 130 centers, 486 survey-faces-1997-2013 classrooms, and 3,718 children in 2009 FACES Health and Diet Survey HHS/FDA Periodic Cross-sectional Noninstitutionalized National Consumer http://www.fda.gov/Food/ 1982-2008 random-digit-dial adults in 50 states and knowledge, FoodScienceResearch/ telephone survey DC attitudes, and ConsumerBehavior practices on diet Research/ucm193895.htm National Household DoED Every other year Provides descriptive Preschool-age through National Early child care Education Surveys Program data on the adults Regional Before and (NHES) educational activities after-school care http://nces.ed.gov/nhes of the U.S. population of school-age and offers researchers, children educators, and policy makers a variety of statistics on the condition of education in the United States National Household Food USDA/ERS 2012 Cross-sectional study Supplemental National Food Acquisition and Purchase of households, 7-day Nutrition Assistance environment Survey (FoodAPS) diaries of foods Program (SNAP) Food purchases http://www.ers.usda.gov/ purchased/acquired at participants and non- and shopping topics/food-nutrition- home and away from SNAP participants behavior assistance/supplemental- home Food security nutrition-assistance-program- %28snap%29/national-food- study.aspx#.UXQDTMqyPTo continued 405

OCR for page 401
406 TABLE F-2 Continued Level of Sample Design (if Estimates or Frequency of Data applicable) and Target Population (or Data Data Source and Website Sponsor Updates Sample Size Components) Available Comments SNAP Policy Database USDA Periodic 50 states and DC State SNAP-Ed State http://www.ers.usda.gov/data- (data provided from programs products/snap-policy-database. January 1996 through aspx#.UX5fNqLkuSo December 2011) State and Local Area USDA/CDC Periodic Random-digit-dial Adults and children State Health care Integrated Telephone Survey supplement drawn (depending on survey Local area (SLAITS) from the National year) http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/slaits. Immunization Survey htm sample frame State licensing regulations for National Ongoing State licensing 50 states, DC, Puerto National Child care physical activity in child care Resource Center and regulation Rico, and the Virgin State http://nrckids.org/States/states. for Health and information, states Islands ht Safety in Child contacted twice a year Care and Early to verify accuracy Education of information on regulations Studies of Child and Adult USDA/FNS Child Care Food Day care programs w/ Children and adults Children to Child care Care Food Program (CACFP) Program began CACFP receiving day care age 18 yrs old meals and http://www.fns.usda.gov/cacfp/ in 1968; name services in CACFP and adults snacks child-and-adult-care-food- changed in 1990 Adult day care program-cacfp meals and snacks

OCR for page 401
Studies of Special USDA/FNS Biennial since 1992 Cross-sectional Participants in WIC National Breastfeeding Supplemental Nutrition (multiple studies) Varies by survey Infant feeding Program for Women, practices Infants ,and Children (WIC) WIC policies Participants and practices http://www.fns.usda.gov/Ora/ menu/Published/WIC/WIC. htm * In addition to the national and state surveys described in Chapter 6, a full list of indicator data sources drawn from current studies can be found in Appendix D, Table D-1. Appendix F, Table F-2, lists examples of national surveillance and evaluation system data sources that can be considered for their potential based on the specific measures, target population, and level of the data desired for indicators. NOTES: ACF = Administration for Children and Families; CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; DoED = Department of Education; ERS = Economic Research Service; FDA = Federal Drug Administration; FNS = Food and Nutrition Service; HHS = Health and Human Services; SNAP-Ed = Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education;USDA = U.S. Department of Agriculture. 407

OCR for page 401
TABLE F-3 Comprehensive State Obesity Prevention, Physical Activity, and Nutrition Plans State Title Website Alabama Strategic Plan for the http://www.adph.org/NUTRITION/assets/ObesityPlan.pdf Prevention and Control of Overweight and Obesity in Alabama Alaska Alaska in Action: Statewide http://dhss.alaska.gov/Documents/Publications/alaskaInAction.pdf Physical Activity & Nutrition Plan Arizona Arizona Nutrition and Physical http://physicalactivityplan.org/resources/PA-Plans/ArizonaPA.pdf Activity State Plan Arkansas Changing the Culture of Health http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/healthStatistics/ in Arkansas Brfss/Documents/publications/Other/chronic_disease_plan2006.pdf California California Obesity Prevention http://www.cdph.ca.gov/programs/COPP/Documents/COPP- Plan: A Vision for Tomorrow, ObesityPreventionPlan-2010.pdf.pdf Strategic Actions for Today Colorado Physical Activity and Nutrition http://www.chd.dphe.state.co.us/Resources/cms/pp/ State Plan 2010 COPAN/2004stateplan.pdf Connecticut Healthy Eating and Active http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/state_health_planning/dphplans/ Living: Connecticut’s Plan for obesity_hlth_promo_plan_2005.pdf Health Promotion Delaware Physical Activity, Nutrition, http://dhss.delaware.gov/dph/dpc/files/pano_comp_plan-09.pdf and Obesity Prevention Comprehensive Plan Georgia Georgia’s Nutrition and http://health.state.ga.us/pdfs/familyhealth/nutrition/ Physical Activity Plan NutritionandPhysicalActivityPlanFINAL.pdf Hawaii Hawaii Physical Activity and http://www.healthyhawaii.com/images/stories/PANSummit/pan%20 Nutrition Plan plan%20final.pdf Idaho Idaho Physical Activity and http://healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/Health/ Nutrition Program: Do It for IdahoPhysicalActivityandNutritionIPAN/tabid/114/Default.aspx Life! Illinois Illinois Strategic Plan: http://www.idph.state.il.us/HealthWellness/IL_Existing_State_Plan.pdf Promoting Healthy Eating and Physical Activity to Prevent and Control Obesity Indiana Indiana Healthy Weight http://www.inhealthyweight.org/files/state_plan_final-with_cover-low. Initiative pdf Iowa Iowans Fit For Life Plan http://www.idph.state.ia.us/iowansfitforlife/common/pdf/state_plan. pdf Kentucky Kentucky Nutrition & Physical http://fitky.org Activity State Action Plan 2005 408 Evaluating Obesity Prevention Efforts

OCR for page 401
TABLE F-3 Continued State Title Website Louisiana Louisiana Council on Obesity http://new.dhh.louisiana.gov/assets/docs/LegisReports/LA-Obesity- Prevention and Management Council2008-2009.pdf Strategic Plan Maine The Maine Physical Activity http://www.healthymainepartnerships.org/panp/ and Nutrition Plan documents/226-701-05_PAN_Plan.pdf Maryland Maryland Nutrition and http://www.healthyactivemaryland.org/NPA/npaplan.pdf Physical Activity Plan Michigan Michigan Healthy Eating and http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/Mi_Healthy_State_ Physical Activity Strategic Plan: Plan_353817_7.pdf 2010-2020 Minnesota Minnesota Plan to Reduce http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/hpcd/chp/cdrr/obesity/obesityplan/ Obesity and Obesity-Related obesityplan.html Chronic Diseases Missouri Missouri Council for Activity http://extension.missouri.edu/mocan/MoCANstrategicplan_web.pdf and Nutrition Strategic Plan Montana Montana Nutrition and http://www.mtnapa.com/images/1strategicplan.pdf Physical Activity Program: Strategic Plan to Prevent Obesity and Other Chronic Diseases Nebraska Nebraska Physical Activity and http://dhhs.ne.gov/Documents/PANstateplan.pdf Nutrition State Plan: Promoting Healthy Weight and Preventing Chronic Disease Nevada Strategic Plan for the http://health.nv.gov/PDFs/obeseplan.pdf Prevention of Obesity in Nevada New Healthy Eating Active http://www.healnh.org/images/pdffiles/HEALactionPlan.pdf Hampshire Living Action Plan for New Hampshire 2008 New Jersey The New Jersey Obesity http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/documents/obesity_prevention.pdf Prevention Action Plan New Mexico The New Mexico Plan to http://www.health.state.nm.us/pdf/NM_PPHW2006Web.pdf Promote Healthier Weight: A Comprehensive Plan to Reduce Obesity, Overweight, and Related Chronic Diseases New York New York State Strategic Plan http://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/obesity/strategic_plan for Overweight and Obesity Prevention continued Appendix F 409

OCR for page 401
TABLE F-3 Continued State Title Website North Eat Smart, Move More: North http://www.eatsmartmovemorenc.com/ESMMPlan/Texts/ESMMPlan_ Carolina Carolina’s Plan to Prevent Desktop.pdf Overweight, Obesity, and Related Chronic Diseases North Dakota North Dakota Healthy Eating http://www.ndhealth.gov/NutrPhyAct/ND%20Healthy%20Eating% and Physical Activity: A State 20and%20Physical%20Activity%20State%20Plan.pdf Plan for Action Ohio The Ohio Obesity Prevention http://www.healthyohioprogram.org/en/resources/datareports/~/ Plan media/9B42F122F2074DB19E0A931505BE01D4.ashx Oklahoma Get Fit Eat Smart OK: http://www.ok.gov/strongandhealthy/%3Ci%3EGet_Fit_Eat_ Oklahoma Physical Activity Smart%3C_i%3E_State_Plan/index.html and Nutrition State Plan Oregon A Healthy Active Oregon: http://public.health.oregon.gov/PreventionWellness/PhysicalActivity/ Statewide Physical Activity and Documents/PAN_rpt_07.pdf Nutrition Plan Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Nutrition and http://www.health.state.pa.us/pdf/nutrition/nutrition.pdf Physical Activity Plan to Prevent Obesity and Related Chronic Diseases Rhode Island Eat Smart Move More Rhode http://www.health.ri.gov/publications/actionplans/2010InitiativeFor Island: A Plan of Action HealthyWeight.pdf South Carolina Moving South Carolina http://www.scdhec.gov/health/chcdp/obesity/docs/StatePlanComplete. Towards a Healthy Weight: pdf Comprehensive Nutrition and Physical Activity Approaches to Address Obesity South Dakota South Dakota State Plan for http://www.healthysd.gov/Documents/2010PlanUpdate.pdf Nutrition and Physical Activity to Prevent Obesity and Other Chronic Diseases Tennessee Eat Well, Play More: Tennessee http://www.eatwellplaymoretn.org/plan-overview/about-the-plan Statewide Nutrition and Physical Activity Plan Texas Eat Smart, Be Active: Strategic http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/obesity/pdf/strategic_plan.pdf Plan for the Prevention of Obesity in Texas Utah Utah Nutrition and Physical http://www.slideshare.net/StateofUtah/ Activity Plan utah-nutrition-and-physical-activity-plan-20102020 410 Evaluating Obesity Prevention Efforts

OCR for page 401
TABLE F-3 Continued State Title Website Vermont Fit and Healthy Vermonters: http://healthvermont.gov/family/fit/documents/Obesity_Plan.pdf Preventing Obesity in Vermont, A Statewide Plan Virginia Healthy Eating and Active http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/ofhs/prevention/heal Living Program Washington Washington State Nutrition and http://depts.washington.edu/waaction/plan/about/2011_update.html Physical Activity Plan West Virginia West Virginia Everyday: A http://www.wvohl.com/Portals/3/Everyday%20Final.pdf Statewide Plan to Improve Physical Activity and Nutrition Wisconsin Wisconsin Nutrition and http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/P4/p40126.pdf Physical Activity State Plan: A Comprehensive Plan to Prevent Obesity and Reduce Chronic Disease in Wisconsin Wyoming Physical Activity and Nutrition http://www.health.wyo.gov/Media.aspx?mediaId=12553 in Children and Adolescents NOTE: Four states (Florida, Kansas, Massachusetts, and Mississippi) and the District of Columbia do not have formal comprehensive state plans. Appendix F 411

OCR for page 401
references Australian Government Department of Health and Aging. 2010. Indigenous Chronic Disease Package monitoring and evaluation framework. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/ctg/publishing.nsf/Content/ICDP-monitoring- and-evaluation-framework (accessed November 1, 2012). Borys, J. M., Y. Le Bodo, S. De Henauw, L. A. Moreno, M. Romon, J. C. Seidell, and T. L. S. Visscher. 2011. Preventing childhood obesity. EPODE European Network recommendations. Cachan cedex, France: Lavoisier. Commonwealth of Australia. 2003. Healthy weight 2008. Australia’s future: The national action agenda for children and young people and their families. Canberra, ACT: Commonwealth of Australia. Equality and Inclusion Team. 2011. Equality analysis: A call to action on obesity in England. London: Department of Health. European Commission. 2005. EU platform on diet, physical activity, and health. http://ec.europa.eu/health/archive/ ph_determinants/life_style/nutrition/platform/docs/eu_platform_mon-framework_en.pdf (accessed April 4, 2013). European Commission. 2007. A strategy for Europe on nutrition, overweight, and obesity-related health issues. http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/public_health/health_determinants_lifestyle/c11542c_en.htm (accessed June 4, 2013). European Commission. 2010. A strategy for Europe on nutrition, overweight and obesity-related health issues: Implementation progress report. http://ec.europa.eu/health/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/implementation_ report_en.pdf (accessed June 4, 2013). European Commission. 2013a. European Community Health Indicators (ECHI)—body mass index. http://ec.europa. eu/health/nutrition_physical_activity/indicators/index_en.htm (accessed April 4, 2013). European Commission. 2013b. Nutrition and physical activity: EU platform for action on diet, physical activity and health. http://ec.europa.eu/health/nutrition_physical_activity/platform/index_en.htm (accessed April 4, 2013). European Commission. 2013c. Nutrition and physical activity: Key documents. http://ec.europa.eu/health/nutrition_ physical_activity/key_documents/index_en.htm#anchor1 (accessed April 4, 2013). National Social Marketing Centre. 2006. Change4Life and social marketing: A hands-on guide to planning, develop- ing, and evaluating a Change4Life social marketing project. London: UK Department of Health. UK Department of Health. 2010a. Change4life one year on. London: Crown. UK Department of Health. 2010b. Healthy lives, healthy people: Our strategy for public health in England. London: The Stationary Office. UK Department of Health. 2011. Healthy lives, healthy people: A call to action on obesity in England. London: Crown. UK Department of Health and Department of Children, Schools, and Families. 2008. Healthy weight, healthy lives: A cross-government strategy for England. London: Crown. WHO (World Health Organization). 2013. WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI). http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/disease-prevention/nutrition/activities/monitoring-and- surveillance/who-european-childhood-obesity-surveillance-initiative-cosi (accessed April 5, 2013). Wijnhoven, T. M., J. M. van Raaij, A. Spinelli, A. I. Rito, R. Hovengen, M. Kunesova, G. Starc, H. Rutter, A. Sjoberg, A. Petrauskiene, U. O’Dwyer, S. Petrova, V. Farrugia Sant’angelo, M. Wauters, A. Yngve, I. M. Rubana, and J. Breda. 2013. WHO European childhood obesity surveillance initiative 2008: Weight, height and body mass index in 6-9-year-old children. Pediatric Obesity 8(2):79-97. 412 Evaluating Obesity Prevention Efforts