Click for next page ( 36

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement

Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 35
Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Gerald F. Perryman, Jr. (Maj Gen, USAF, Ret.), Chair, is currently an independent consultant. Upon concluding military service in 2002, Gen Perryman joined Raytheon Company as vice president and lead executive for the company’s Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Strategic Business Area, McKinney, Texas. There he developed strategies for ISR growth using capabilities from across that diverse, global company, helping Raytheon to provide integrated mission systems for its many customers. From 2006 to 2011 he was director of strategic pursuits for Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems in Garland, Texas, forming and leading teams for competitive capture of key command and control, space operations, and ISR opportunities. Prior to his Raytheon work, Gen Perryman was assistant deputy chief of staff, warfighting integration, Headquarters Air Force, providing guidance and direction for transforming Air Force warfighting capability by integrating command and control, communications and computer networks, and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance systems. Earlier Gen Perryman led the Air Force’s Aerospace Command and Control and ISR Center at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. He served as commander of the 14th Air Force, which encompasses all Air Force space operations forces worldwide. Gen Perryman received his MBA from the University of North Dakota. He currently serves on the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Air Force Studies Board and is a past member of the Committee on Examination of the Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Capability Planning and Analysis (CP&A) Process. Rafael Alonso is a vice president and division manager for the Autonomy and Analytics Division of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), where he manages a staff of more than 140 researchers and engineers in the areas of analysis, computer vision, neuroscience, robotics, remote sensing, biometrics, social media, visualization, and information systems. Dr. Alonso is also an SAIC technical fellow. Dr. Alonso joined SAIC in 2010, when SAIC acquired his previous company, SET Corporation. At SET, Dr. Alonso served as senior vice president and director of SET’s Information Systems and Security Division. Prior to joining SET, Dr. Alonso was part of the management staff at Sarnoff Corporation. As technical director of Sarnoff' Convergence Laboratory, he was responsible for overseeing a staff of 40 employees with externally funded research projects in a number of areas, including multimedia storage and databases systems, web information systems, machine learning and user modeling, video quality, video compression, digital cinema, and targeted advertising. Prior to joining Sarnoff, Dr. 35

OCR for page 35
Alonso co-founded the Matsushita Information Technology Laboratory (MITL) in Princeton, N.J., where he served in various roles including Associate Director and Senior Scientist. At MITL, he developed leading edge information and video systems for Panasonic. Dr. Alonso started his career as an Assistant Professor in the Computer Science Department of Princeton University, where he graduated several doctoral students, and co-developed new courses in database technology and distributed systems. He has published over 50 scientific papers in information and knowledge management topics, and is currently an SAIC Fellow. Dr. Alonso obtained his B.A. in mathematics and computer science from New York University, an M.S. in electrical engineering from Columbia University, and a Ph.D. in computer science from University of California, Berkeley. Allison Astorino-Courtois is executive vice president of National Security Innovations, Inc. (NSI), and has more than 16 years of experience in quantitative political science and decision theoretic research. Dr. Astorino-Courtois has provided lead technical management and core support for a five Department of Defense (DoD) Joint Staff and U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) Strategic Multi-layer Analysis (SMA) projects including recently completed Competing Analysis of Nuclear Strategy for USSTRATCOM and Influencing Violent Extremist Organizations for U.S. Central Command. She has also worked a refocusing of DoD deterrence planning to the decision calculus of the actor(s) to be deterred and has designed and produced of a second- and third-order effects analysis methodology tool for military analysts and planners. Prior to joining NSI, Dr. Astorino-Courtois worked for SAIC, where among other tasks she served as a USSTRATCOM liaison to U.S. and international communities. Prior to SAIC, Dr. Astorino-Courtois was a tenured associate professor of international relations at Texas A&M University, where her research focused on the cognitive aspects of foreign policy decision making. She has received a number of academic grants and awards and has published articles in multiple peer-reviewed journals, including International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Political Psychology, Journal of Politics and Conflict Management, and Peace Science. She has also taught at Creighton University and as a visiting instructor at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Dr. Astorino-Courtois earned her Ph.D. in international relations/research methodologies from New York University. W. Peter Cherry is an independent consultant who retired in 2010 as the chief analyst on the U.S. Army’s Future Combat Systems Program at SAIC. He was responsible for analytic support to requirements analysis, performance assessment, and design trades. Previously, Dr. Cherry was leader of the Integrated Simulation and Test Integrated Program Team, focusing on test and evaluation planning, the development of associated models and simulations, and the development of the Future Combat System of Systems Integration Laboratory. He was a participant in the Future Combat Systems Program from its inception, leading analysis and evaluation of concepts as a member of the Full Spectrum Team during the contract activities that preceded concept and technology development. Since the completion of his studies at the University of Michigan, Dr. Cherry has focused on the development and application of operations research in the national security domain, primarily in the field of land combat. He contributed to the development and fielding of many of the major systems employed by the Army, ranging from the Patriot Missile System to the Apache helicopter, as well as command 36

OCR for page 35
control and intelligence systems such as ASAS and AFATDS. In addition, he contributed to the creation of the Army’s Manpower Personnel and Training Program (MANPRINT) and to the Army’s Embedded Training Initiative. His recent research interests include Peacekeeping Operations and the development of transformational organizations and materiel. Dr. Cherry was a member of the Army Science Board and served as chair of the Board’s Logistics Subpanel. In addition he has participated over the past 10 years in independent reviews of the Army’s Science and Technology programs and on NRC studies addressing a variety of defense issues. Dr. Cherry received a Ph.D. in industrial engineering from the University of Michigan. He is currently a member of the Board on Army Science and Technology, a fellow of INFORMS, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). Louis Anthony Cox, Jr., is president of Cox Associates, a Denver-based applied research company specializing in quantitative risk analysis, causal modeling, advanced analytics, and operations research. Since 1986, Cox Associates’ mathematicians and scientists have applied computer simulation and biomathematical models, statistical and epidemiological risk analyses, causal data mining techniques, and operations research and artificial intelligence models to measurably improve health, business, and engineering risk analysis and decision making for public and private sector clients. Since 1996, its sister company, NetAdvantage, has provided operations research services and software for telecommunications companies. In 2006, Cox Associates was inducted into the Edelman Academy of the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science, recognizing outstanding real-world achievements in the practice of operations research and the management sciences. In 2012, Dr. Cox was inducted into the NAE “for applications of operations research and risk analysis to significant national problems.” He has been honorary full professor of mathematics at the University of Colorado, lecturing on biomathematics, health risk modeling, computational statistics, and causality. He is on the faculties of the Center for Computational Mathematics and the Center for Computational Biology at the University of Colorado, Denver and is now a clinical professor of biostatistics and informatics at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Dr. Cox holds a Ph.D. in risk analysis (1986) and an S.M. in operations research (1985), both from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); an A.B. from Harvard University (1978); and is a graduate of the Stanford Executive Program (1993). He is a member of the NRC Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications and a member of the Standing Committee on the Use of Public Health Data in FSIS Food Safety Programs. Paul K. Davis is a senior principal researcher at the RAND Corporation and a professor of policy analysis in the Pardee RAND Graduate School. His research interests include strategic planning and methods for improving it, decision-making theory, counterterrorism, and advanced methods of analysis and modeling (notably exploratory analysis and multi-resolution modeling). He has authored or coauthored widely read books on defense planning, capabilities-based planning, portfolio analysis, and deterrence and influence theory, as well as an integrative review on social science for counterterrorism. Before joining RAND, Dr. Davis was a senior executive in DoD. He has served on numerous national panels for DoD, the National Academies, and the intelligence community. He also is a regular reviewer on several professional journals. He received his Ph.D. in chemical physics from the MIT. Dr. Davis served as a member of the 37

OCR for page 35
NRC Committee on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Capability and as a member of the Committee on Modeling and Simulation for Defense Transformation. Jerrold M. Post is professor of psychiatry, political psychology, and international affairs and director of the Political Psychology Program at George Washington University. Dr. Post has devoted his entire career to the field of political psychology. Dr. Post came to George Washington after a 21-year career with the Central Intelligence Agency where he was the founding director of the Center for the Analysis of Personality and Political Behavior. He played the lead role in developing the "Camp David profiles" of Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat for President Jimmy Carter and initiated the U.S. government program in understanding the psychology of terrorism. In recognition of his leadership at the center, Dr. Post was awarded the Intelligence Medal of Merit in 1979. He received the Nevitt Sanford Award of the International Society of Political Psychology in 2002 for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Political Psychology. In December 1990, he testified before the House Armed Services Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee on the political personality profile of Saddam Hussein he had developed. Since 9/11, he has testified on the psychology of terrorism before the Senate, House, and the United Nations. Dr. Post has written or edited 10 books, including The Psychological Assessment of Political Leaders, Leaders and their Followers in a Dangerous World, and The Mind of the Terrorist, and he contributed the lead chapter on “Actor-Specific Behavioral Models of Adversaries: A Key Requirement for Tailored Deterrence” in Tailored Deterrence: Influencing States and Groups of Concern. He is a frequent commentator in national and international media on such topics as the psychology of leadership, the psychology of terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, Osama bin Laden, Hugo Chavez, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Kim Jong Il, Muammar Qaddafi, and, most recently, Bashar al-Assad. Dr. Post received his baccalaureate degree magna cum laude from Yale College. After receiving his medical degree from Yale, where he was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha, honor medical society, he received post-graduate training in psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and the National Institute of Mental Health. Brian Skyrms is a distinguished professor of logic and philosophy of science and economics at the University of California, Irvine, and a professor of philosophy at Stanford University. He has worked on problems in the philosophy of science, causation, decision theory, game theory, and the foundations of probability. Most recently, his work has focused on the evolution of social norms using evolutionary game theory. His two recent books, Evolution of the Social Contract and The Stag Hunt, are both on the topic of the workshop. These books use arguments and examples from evolutionary game theory to cover topics of interest to political philosophy, philosophy of social science, philosophy of language, and the philosophy of biology. Dr. Skyrms is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and one of just three living philosophers (along with Allan Gibbard and Patrick Suppes) to be elected a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences. 38

OCR for page 35
Michael O. Wheeler is a member of the senior research staff at the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA), and since 1991, a member of the Strategic Advisory Group at USSTRATCOM. A 1966 graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy, Dr. Wheeler retired in 1991 at the rank of Colonel. While in the Air Force, he served in Tactical and Strategic Air Commands, in Thailand during the Vietnam War, on the Air Staff, at the National Security Council and State Department, on the faculty of the U.S. Air Force Academy, and on the Joint Staff. At time of retirement, he was the arms control advisor to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In 1978-1979, Dr. Wheeler was a White House fellow. Following retirement from the Air Force, Dr. Wheeler joined strategic studies centers, first at System Planning Corporation, then at SAIC, and then at IDA. Dr. Wheeler also has served on Defense Science Board task forces and on the advisory committees for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the National Nuclear Security Administration. He was the executive secretary of the congressionally chartered Commission on Nuclear Expertise (aka the Chiles Commission), and from 2006 to 2008, he was director of the Advanced Systems and Concepts Office at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. He has published broadly in national security affairs. Dr. Wheeler holds a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Arizona. 39