necessary to explain the value of preventive care, regular exams, and proper treatment protocols.

Improving the socioeconomic situation, providing effective drugs, using modern treatment methods, and ensuring that patients adhere to their treatment would help control the spread of resistant TB strains in Russia. Russia has both a federal target program for preventing socially significant diseases and a subprogram for urgent measures to address TB.

Aksenova concluded her presentation with a quote from Lucica Ditiu, executive secretary of the Stop TB Partnership: “Every day TB kills 200 children. And this is despite the fact that the therapy which prevents disease in children is less than 3 cents a day, and treatment of the disease costs 50 cents a day. But before we can provide prevention and treatment, we have to find those at risk of TB, and this is possible only when governments, civil society and the private sector work together.”

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