comorbid with a neurological condition or if a neurological condition needs to be ruled out. They may consult providers (e.g., psychiatrists, medical doctors), supervise providers (e.g., nurses, community health workers, peer/service users), and/or train providers (e.g., psychiatrists, medical doctors), and may provide assistance in accessing and coordinating with other providers. They can form collaborative relationships and communicate with other community members and/or health care providers to address patient needs, including prevention and treatment. The corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, and clinical trials, as well as basic research and translational research.
Psychiatrist (PS): A psychiatrist is a physician who focuses on the study and treatment of mental illness and behavioral disorders. Psychiatrists are trained in diagnostic evaluation and in psychopharmacological treatment. As part of their evaluation of patients, psychiatrists can prescribe psychiatric medications, conduct physical examinations, order and interpret laboratory tests and electroencephalograms, and may order brain imaging studies. They will receive referrals from other providers. They may lead multidisciplinary teams and supervise task shifting to medical doctors, nurses, psychologists, and social workers. They will provide ongoing assessment of treatment, education, and support services in addition to monitoring and evaluating community mental health services. They will engage in training of other providers and interact with a wide range of providers (e.g., psychiatric or general nurses, clinical psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists). They can form collaborative relationships and communicate with other community members and/or health care providers to address patient needs, including prevention and treatment. If resources are available, they may provide a consultancyliaison service to outpatient and primary health center settings for complex cases.