BOX 1-1

Statement of Task

An ad hoc committee will plan and conduct three workshops on the science and technology (S&T) fields noted below that have potential impact on U.S. national security.

• Big Data—The workshop will review emerging capabilities in large computational data to include speed, data fusion, use, and commodification of data used in decision making. The workshop will also review the subsequent increase in vulnerabilities over the capabilities gained and the significance to national security.

• Future of Antennas—The workshop will review trends in advanced antenna research and design. The workshop will also review trends in commercial and military use of advanced antennas that enable improved communication, data transfer, soldier health monitoring, and other overt and covert methods of standoff data collection.

• Future Battlespace Situational Awareness—The workshop will review the technologies that enable battlespace situational awareness 10-20 years into the future for both red and blue forces. The workshop will emphasize the capabilities within air, land, sea, space, and cyberspace.

The committee will design the workshops to address U.S. and foreign research, why S&T applications of technologies in development are important in the context of military capabilities, and what critical scientific breakthroughs are needed to achieve advances in the fields of interest—focusing detailed attention on specific developments in the foregoing fields that might have national security implications for the United States. The workshops will each also consider methodology to track the relevant technology landscape for the future.

Each of the three workshops will feature invited presentations and panelists and include discussions on a selected topic including themes relating to defense warning and surprise. The committee will plan the agenda for the workshops, select and invite speakers and discussants, and moderate the discussions. Each event will result in a workshop summary that will be subject to appropriate institutional review prior to release.

DeLaurentis introduced a specific case and suggested that the challenge is data flow and determining the value of the information that can be obtained. The analysts have to make very quick computations on where to allocate resources and adapt the architecture, using multiple distributed systems (air, space, sea). He suggested the need for adaptive systems that mix humans and machines to leverage the best of both. One of the challenges is determining what to do when human operators and machine algorithms disagree.

Al Romig, Skunk Works, Advanced Development Program,
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company

Al Romig, vice president and general manager at Lockheed Martin Aeronautics, started with a war analogy. He suggested that it was useful to think of where one has been, and then to think of where one wants to go. The American Civil War was a conflict that brought together modern industrialized warfare with tactics from the Napoleonic era. Dislocations between tactics and capabilities led to major carnage. This has happened time and time again on the battlefield. He noted that even though technology had evolved, fighters tried to use something new the same way they were using old technology. Instead, new technology needed new concepts of operation. The P-80 had to be flown differently than the P-51, and this is the same with newer planes. A person’s natural inclination, however, is to employ new technology the way one used the old technology.

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