Appendix E

Biographies of Committee Members and Staff

Rita R. Colwell, Chair, University of Maryland; Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc. Rita Colwell is Chairman of Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc. and Distinguished University Professor at both the University of Maryland at College Park and Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her interests are focused on global infectious diseases, water, and health, and she is currently developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues, including safe drinking water for both the developed and developing world. Dr. Colwell has held many advisory positions in the U.S. government, nonprofit science policy organizations, and private foundations, as well as in the international scientific research community. Dr. Colwell is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. She holds a BS in bacteriology and an MS in genetics from Purdue University, and a PhD in oceanography from the University of Washington.

Enriqueta C. Bond, Burroughs Wellcome Fund Enriqueta Bond, PhD, retired in August 2008 as President of the Burroughs Wellcome Fund (BWF), a private foundation whose mission is to advance the medical sciences through the support of research and education. She is a founding partner of QE Philanthropic Advisors and consults with philanthropic and nonprofit organizations on program development and governance. Before that she served for nearly 20 years as staff officer and division director at the Institute of Medicine, serving as executive officer from 1989 to 1994.

Dr. Bond serves on numerous board and advisory groups such as the Council of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Institute of Medicine Committee to Review the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) Program at the National Center for Advancing Translational Science, the National Research Council Committee on Developing a Framework for an International Faculty Development Project on Education about Research in the Life Sciences with Dual Use, the Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award for Science and Mathematics Advisory Committee, and the Board of the Health Effects Institute and the James B. Hunt Jr. Institute for Educational Leadership.

Dr. Bond chairs a National Academies Board on Developing the Capacity of African Academies of Science, serves as a member of the Institute of Medicine Forum on Microbial Threats to Health, and is a frequent reviewer of Academy reports. She previously chaired the Institute of Medicine Clinical Research Roundtable and was a member of the Council of the Eunice Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Dr. Bond is a member of the Institute of Medicine and is a fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Science. She was educated at Wellesley College



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Appendix E Biographies of Committee Members and Staff Rita R. Colwell, Chair, University of Maryland; organizations on program development and Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc. governance. Before that she served for nearly 20 Rita Colwell is Chairman of Canon U.S. Life years as staff officer and division director at the Sciences, Inc. and Distinguished University Institute of Medicine, serving as executive officer Professor at both the University of Maryland at from 1989 to 1994. College Park and Johns Hopkins University Dr. Bond serves on numerous board and Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her advisory groups such as the Council of the interests are focused on global infectious National Institute of Allergy and Infectious diseases, water, and health, and she is currently Diseases, the Institute of Medicine Committee to developing an international network to address Review the Clinical and Translational Science emerging infectious diseases and water issues, Awards (CTSA) Program at the National Center including safe drinking water for both the for Advancing Translational Science, the developed and developing world. Dr. Colwell National Research Council Committee on has held many advisory positions in the U.S. Developing a Framework for an International government, nonprofit science policy Faculty Development Project on Education organizations, and private foundations, as well about Research in the Life Sciences with Dual as in the international scientific research Use, the Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career community. Dr. Colwell is a member of the Award for Science and Mathematics Advisory National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Committee, and the Board of the Health Effects Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, the Institute and the James B. Hunt Jr. Institute for American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and Educational Leadership. the American Philosophical Society. She holds a Dr. Bond chairs a National Academies BS in bacteriology and an MS in genetics from Board on Developing the Capacity of African Purdue University, and a PhD in oceanography Academies of Science, serves as a member of the from the University of Washington. Institute of Medicine Forum on Microbial Threats to Health, and is a frequent reviewer of Enriqueta C. Bond, Burroughs Wellcome Fund Academy reports. She previously chaired the Enriqueta Bond, PhD, retired in August 2008 as Institute of Medicine Clinical Research President of the Burroughs Wellcome Fund Roundtable and was a member of the Council of (BWF), a private foundation whose mission is to the Eunice Shriver National Institute of Child advance the medical sciences through the Health and Human Development. Dr. Bond is a support of research and education. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine and is a founding partner of QE Philanthropic Advisors fellow of the Association for the Advancement of and consults with philanthropic and nonprofit Science. She was educated at Wellesley College 123

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124 Appendix E (AB), the University of Virginia (MA), and served on numerous scientific panels and Georgetown University, where she earned a PhD editorial boards. He currently serves on the in genetics and molecular biology. scientific advisory boards of the Western Regional Center for Excellence in Biodefense John D. Clements, Tulane University Research and the PATH Enteric Vaccine Dr. Clements is a professor of microbiology and initiative. In 2003, he was trained as a U.N. immunology at Tulane University School of Weapons Inspector (Biologic) in the 7th United Medicine and director of the Tulane Center for Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Infectious Diseases. After receiving his doctorate Commission (UNMOVIC). In 2003 and again in in 1979 from the University of Texas Health 2004, he served as a member of the Iraq Survey Science Center at Dallas, he completed a Group as a subject matter expert in weapons of National Research Council Associateship at mass destruction and dual use equipment and Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in programs. Washington, D.C. In 1980, Dr. Clements was appointed an assistant professor in the Nancy D. Connell, University of Medicine and Departments of Microbiology and Medicine at Dentistry of New Jersey the University of Rochester School of Medicine Dr. Connell is a professor in the Division of in New York. In 1982, he joined the faculty at Infectious Disease in the Department of Tulane University, where he has served as Medicine at the University of Medicine and professor and chair of the Department of Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ), New Jersey Microbiology and Immunology since 1999. He Medical School. A Harvard University PhD in was Vice Dean for Research from 2006 to 2009 Microbiology, Dr. Connell’s major research and in 2009 was appointed director of the focus is the interaction between respiratory Tulane Center for Infectious Diseases. Dr. infectious agents and the macrophage. She is Clements maintains an active research program director of the Biosafety Level Three (BSL-3) focused on development of vaccines against Facility of UMDNJ’s Center for the Study of infectious diseases. His research has been Emerging and Re-emerging Pathogens and continuously funded from a variety of Public chairs the University’s Institutional Biosafety Health Service and Department of Defense Committee. She has served on a number of sources. He is currently Director of the National Academies committees, e.g., the Tulane/Xavier Vaccine Development/ Committee on Advances in Technology and the Engineering Project and the Tulane/Xavier Prevention of their Application to Next Vaccine Peptide Program, both supported by the Generation Biowarfare Agents and the Department of Defense. Dr. Clements is also Co- Committee to Review the Scientific Approaches Director of the South Louisiana Institute for used in the FBI’s Investigation of the 2001 Infectious Disease Research and Co-Director of Bacillus anthracis Mailings. the Louisiana Vaccine Center, both collaborative projects between Tulane University and Clarissa Dirks, The Evergreen State College Louisiana State University Health sciences Clarissa Dirks is an associate professor in Center in New Orleans. Research in Dr. scientific inquiry, biology at the Evergreen State Clements’s laboratory has resulted in more than College in Olympia, Washington. She earned her 100 peer-reviewed publications and book PhD in molecular and cellular biology at the chapters, and 13 patents. Dr. Clements has University of Washington, conducting research in virology at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer

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Appendix E 125 Research Center. As a virologist she currently (IEEE) and the author/coauthor of a number of investigates the evolution of viruses and host publications. As director of the CSSP, he viral inhibitory proteins as well as the organizes, each year, a number of major coevolution of bryophytes and species of conferences in the fields of science, technology, Tardigrada. As a biology education researcher, and education. she has implemented programs to improve retention of underrepresented students in first- Alastair Hay, University of Leeds year science courses, and conducted studies to Alastair Hay is professor of environmental better understand how students acquire and toxicology in the School of Medicine at the master science process skills. She has received University of Leeds, U.K. He holds a BSc in two Tom Rye Harvill Awards for the Integration chemistry and PhD in biochemistry, both from of Art and Science, has been named a National the University of London. As a toxicologist his Academies Education Fellow and Mentor in the major interests are the effects of chemicals on Life Sciences, and is the recipient of two Biology health but his research also covers work on Leadership Education grants. She works to calcium metabolism, kidney damage, drugs of provide professional development opportunities abuse, pharmacokinetics, and proteomics. for faculty and postdoctoral scholars by serving Professor Hay currently teaches basic biology, on the Committee for National Academies research methodology, and ethics to medical Summer Institute on Undergraduate Education students in years 1 to 3 of their 5-year medical in Biology, leading a Pacific Northwest Regional degree. External to the university he has been an Summer Institute, and mentoring postdoctoral advisor to the U.K. government for over 20 years fellows as a regional field station leader for the on both the regulation of chemicals and Faculty Institute for Reforming Science exposure standards in the workplace; he also Teaching. She is a member of the editorial board advises the European Union on workplace of the journal CBE-Life Science Education and a exposure limits. He has more than 35 years’ cofounder of the Society for Biology Education experience with chemical weapons issues and Research (SABER). advises the U.K. government on matters relating to the implementation of the 1997 Chemical Mohamed El-Faham, Bibliotheca Alexandrina Weapons Convention. He has developed Mohamed El-Faham is director of the Center for teaching materials for chemists on such topics as Special Studies and Programs (CSSP), multiple uses of chemicals; chemical weapons; Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt. He is also a and codes of conduct. Professor Hay has worked professor and director of Power Systems Group with numerous national and international at the Department of Electrical and Computer organizations to promote these issues in both Control Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and the chemical and biological sciences and to help Technology, Arab Academy for Science and find innovative teaching approaches to engage Technology and Maritime Transport in young scientists and promote responsible Alexandria. He received his BSc in electrical conduct in research. engineering from the University of Alexandria and his MSc and DSc in electrical engineering Elizabeth Heitman, Vanderbilt University from the George Washington University, Medical Center Washington, D.C. He is a senior member of the Dr. Heitman received her PhD from Rice Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers University in 1988. She has extensive expertise in  

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126 Appendix E biomedical ethics, responsible conduct of setting global health strategies shaped the agenda research, and ethics in public health, as well as of the IOM Forum on Microbial Threats by experience with biodefense-related ethical tackling such topical issues as biological threats decision making as a member of the Policy, and bioterrorism; SARS; and pandemic flu. He Ethics, and Law Core of the Southeast Regional received an MD from the University of Cairo Center of Excellence for Emerging Infections and a PhD from the University of London, and Biodefense (SERCEB). Her primary research School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. addresses the evaluation of education in the responsible conduct of research, and the cultural Mona Mostafa Mohamed, Cairo University awareness and professional socialization of Mona Mostafa Mohamed, PhD, is professor of students and researchers. Dr. Heitman is the cell biology and head of the Cancer Biology director of a four-year research ethics education Research Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Cairo program for Costa Rican biomedical researchers University. Upon completion of her doctorate at and research ethics review committees Cairo University, she was competitively selected sponsored by the NIH’s Fogarty International for a prestigious Avon-AACR International Center and a member of the Clinical Research Scholar award in breast cancer research (2005- Ethics Key Function Committee of the Clinical 2007), one of only 12 selected from several and Translational Science Award (CTSA) hundred applicants. Dr. Mohamed’s research Consortium. She is the coauthor of The Ethical focuses on the interactions between Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences inflammatory macrophages and their associated (with Drs. Ruth Ellen Bulger and Stanley Joel cytokines and proteolytic enzymes observed Reiser). during breast cancer, with the ultimate goal of understanding mechanisms by which Adel A.F. Mahmoud, Princeton University macrophages induce breast cancer progression Adel A.F. Mahmoud, MD, PhD, is a professor in and identifying novel targets for drug molecular biology and public policy at Princeton development. Returning to Egypt in 2007, she University, and former president of Merck was awarded start-up funds from Avon Vaccines of Merck & Company, Inc. Before that, Foundation and Cairo University to establish the he served at Case Western Reserve University first specified breast cancer biology laboratory in and University Hospitals as chairman of Egypt (CBRL; www.cbrl.cu.edu.eg). CBRL’s state- medicine and physician in chief. Dr. Mahmoud’s of-the-art equipment has enabled Dr. academic pursuits focused on investigations of Mohamed’s group to achieve outstanding results the determinants of infection and disease in in breast cancer research, including those of 13 human schistosomiasis and helminthic master’s and doctoral students. Dr. Mohamed is infections. He has led efforts to develop new the recipient of numerous grants from the vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, Science and Technology Development Fund, rotavirus, shingles, and human papillomavirus. Egypt; the Avon Foundation (U.S.A.) in Dr. Mahmoud served as a member of the collaboration with New York University; the National Science Advisory Board for Fogarty International Research Collaboration - Biosecurity. He was elected to the Institute of Basic Biomedical (FIRCA-BB) Research Award Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of (R03); and Wayne State University (U.S.A.). Dr. Sciences in 1987 and has served on numerous Mohamed is a leading example for women in committees. For example, his leadership in science, blazing a path forward for future

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Appendix E 127 women seeking scientific and academic careers. Pennsylvania State University (the Alumni She was recently selected for the 2012 Women in Association’s highest award); an honorary Science Hall of Fame for her scientific member of Sigma Pi Sigma (its highest award), accomplishments the physics honor society; and a National (http://jordan.usembassy.gov/wshf_2012.html). Academies Education Mentor in the Life Sciences. He was recognized by Science James H. Stith, American Institute of Physics Spectrum Magazine as one of the 50 Most James H. Stith is Vice President Emeritus for the Important Blacks in Research Science and was American Institute of Physics (AIP). While an named a ScienceMaker by HistoryMakers. officer of the Institute, he had oversight Additionally, he serves on a number of national responsibilities for AIP’s Magazine Division, the and international advisory boards and has been Media and Government Relations Division, the awarded a Doctor of Humane Letters by his Education Division, the Center for the History alma mater, Virginia State University. He is of Physics, the Statistical Research Division, and married and has three adult daughters and two the Careers Division. Throughout his career, he grandchildren. has been an advocate for programs that ensure ethnic and gender diversity in the sciences. His National Academies Staff doctorate in physics was earned from the Pennsylvania State University, and his master’s Lida Anestidou is senior program officer at the and bachelor’s in physics were received from Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the Virginia State University. A physics education U.S. National Academy of Sciences, where she researcher, his primary interests are in program directs a diverse portfolio of studies on the use of evaluation, and teacher preparation and laboratory animals; biodefense and biosecurity; enhancement. He was formerly a professor of and research integrity/responsible conduct of physics at the Ohio State University and research. Prior to this position she was faculty at professor of physics at the United States Military the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, Academy. A retired colonel, he was the first Vanderbilt University Medical Center. She African American to earn tenure at the earned her doctorate in biomedical sciences Academy. Dr. Stith has been a visiting associate from the University of Texas at Houston. professor at the United Air Force Academy, a Working with physiologist Norman Weisbrodt, visiting scientist at the Lawrence Livermore she explored the effects of nitric oxide on the National Laboratory, a visiting scientist at the motility of the gastrointestinal musculature. University of Washington, and an associate Working with research integrity expert and engineer at the Radio Corperation of America. biomedical ethics educator Elizabeth Heitman, He is a past president of the American she concurrently pursued her interests in Association of Physics Teachers, past president biomedical ethics, scientific integrity, and of the National Society of Black Physicists, a science policy. Dr. Anestidou also holds a fellow of the American Association for the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from Advancement of Science, a fellow of the Greece (her home country) and an MS in American Physical Society, a chartered fellow of Veterinary Sciences from the University of the National Society of Black Physicists, and a Florida. She is an editorial board member of member of the Ohio Academy of Science. He Science and Engineering Ethics, Lab Animal, was named a distinguished alumnus of the and SciTech Lawyer and an ad hoc reviewer for  

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128 Appendix E the American Journal of Bioethics. She is a Jay B. Labov is senior staff member of the member of the National Conference of Lawyers National Research Council’s Center for and Scientists. Dr. Anestidou serves as an expert Education. In this capacity, he leads an reviewer in the Ethics Evaluation of grant institution-wide effort to leverage the National applications to the 7th Framework Program of Academies’ work in education by helping to the European Research Council and the make more deliberate connections between the European Commission Directorate General work of the Center for Education, the National Research. Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and the program units of the Jo L. Husbands is a scholar/senior project National Research Council. He is the principal director with the Board on Life Sciences of the liaison on education activities between the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS), program units of the National Academies and its where she manages studies and projects to help Office of Communications, with the goal of mitigate the risks of the misuse of scientific enhancing communication with outside research for biological weapons or bioterrorism. stakeholders about the Academies’ work in She represents the NAS on the Biosecurity education and the public’s understanding of Working Group of IAP: The Global Network of science and technology. He also has been the Science Academies, which also includes the study director for several NRC reports: academies of Australia, China, Cuba, Egypt, Evaluating and Improving Undergraduate India, Nigeria, Poland (chair), Russia, and the Teaching in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, United Kingdom. From 1991 to 2005 she was and Technology (2003); Learning and director of the NAS Committee on International Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Security and Arms Control (CISAC) and its Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools Working Group on Biological Weapons Control. (2002); Educating Teachers of Science, Before joining the National Academies, she Mathematics, and Technology: New Practices worked for several Washington, D.C.-based for the New Millennium (2000); Transforming nongovernmental organizations focused on Undergraduate Education in Science, international security. Dr. Husbands is currently Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology an adjunct professor in the Security Studies (1999); Serving the Needs of Pre-College Science Program at Georgetown University. She is a and Mathematics Education: Impact of a Digital member of the Temporary Working Group on National Library on Teacher Education and Education and Outreach in Science and Practice (1999); and Developing a Digital Technology of the Organization for the National Library for Undergraduate Science, Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and the Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Global Agenda Council on Nuclear, Chemical, Education (1998). He has been Director of the and Biological Weapons of the World Economic Center’s Committee on Undergraduate Science Forum. She is also a fellow of the International Education and oversees the National Academy Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. She of Science’s efforts to improve the teaching of holds a PhD in political science from the evolution in the public schools. Prior to University of Minnesota and a master’s in assuming his position at the NRC Dr. Labov was international public policy (international a member of the biology faculty for 18 years at economics) from the Johns Hopkins University Colby College in Waterville, Maine. School of Advanced International Studies.