FIGURE A-1 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s definition of commercial sexual exploitation of children.

This definition establishes CSEC as a term that can be applied to various crimes against children. Figure A-1 illustrates this point. At least one critical category of crime is not explicitly included in the OJJDP definition: survival sex, where a child exchanges sex for money or for something of value (e.g., shelter, food, drugs). Although the committee believes the language “other economic reasons” in the OJJDP definition of CSEC can and should be read to include survival sex, the second sentence of the OJJDP definition makes it unclear whether this is the intent of the definition. The committee believes that survival sex should be considered a form of CSEC.

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