priate services and assistance. Definitional issues, however, are important, as noted above, for measuring crime, prosecuting perpetrators, ensuring victims’ access to services, and other reasons. For those reasons, having consistent definitions is important.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN

This section briefly describes how the definitions of human trafficking and CSEC relate. Human trafficking includes both sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Sex trafficking can occur for various reasons, including exploitation through prostitution, pornography, sex tourism, and other activities. As discussed in the prior section, these forms of exploitation (which constitute the “purpose” element of the TVPA definition of sex trafficking) overlap with CSEC. Figure A-3 illustrates this point.

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FIGURE A-3 Overlap between definitions of sex trafficking of minors and commercial sexual exploitation of children.
NOTE: This diagram is for illustrative purposes only; it does not indicate or imply percentages. CSEC = commercial and sexual exploitation of children.



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