Workshop Summary

Steve Olson and Sheila Moats, Rapporteurs

Food and Nutrition Board
Board on Children, Youth, and Families





Washington, D.C.

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Steve Olson and Sheila Moats, Rapporteurs Food and Nutrition Board Board on Children, Youth, and Families

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS  500 Fifth Street, NW  Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The workshop that is the subject of this workshop summary was ap- proved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This activity was supported by Contract No. AG-3198-C-12-0023 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The views presented in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the activity. International Standard Book Number-13:  978-0-309-28719-7 International Standard Book Number-10:  0-309-28719-7 Additional copies of this workshop summary are available for sale from the Na- tional Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: Copyright 2013 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin. Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2013. Nutrition education in the K-12 curriculum: The role of national standards: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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“Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do.” —Goethe Advising the Nation. Improving Health.

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The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Acad- emy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding en- gineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineer- ing programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is presi- dent of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Insti- tute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sci- ences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Coun- cil is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

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PLANNING COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL NUTRITION EDUCATION CURRICULUM STANDARDS1 KAREN WEBER CULLEN (Chair), Professor of Pediatrics-Nutrition, USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas KAREN CHAPMAN-NOVAKOFSKI, Professor, Nutrition and Extension Specialist, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois, Urbana PATRICIA CRAWFORD, Adjunct Professor and Director, Atkins Center for Weight & Health, University of California, Berkeley ROBERT CROSNOE, Professor, Department of Sociology and Population Research Center, University of Texas, Austin CARLETTE KYSER PEGRAM, Education Program Specialist, U.S. Department of Education, Washington, DC KARLA P. SHELNUTT, Assistant Professor and Extension Nutrition Specialist, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville IOM Staff SHEILA MOATS, Program Officer KAREN CAMPION, Research Assistant ALLISON BERGER, Senior Program Assistant FAYE HILLMAN, Financial Associate GERALDINE KENNEDO, Administrative Assistant LINDA D. MEYERS, Director, Food and Nutrition Board KIMBER BOGARD, Director, Board on Children, Youth, and Families 1  nstitute of Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the work- I shop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution. v

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Reviewers This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individu- als chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accor- dance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published workshop summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the workshop summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary: Sharon L. Contreras, The Syracuse City School District Tracy Fox, Food, Nutrition, and Policy Consultants, LLC Brian J. Griffith, Maryland State Department of Education Pam Koch, Teachers College, Columbia University Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by Melvin Worth. Appointed by the Institute of Medicine, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Re- sponsibility for the final content of this workshop summary rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the institution. vii

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Contents 1 Introduction and Themes of the Workshop 1 2 The Current Opportunity 7 3 The Context for Change 15 4 Lessons Learned from Federal Programs 27 5 Lessons Learned from State and Local Experiences 43 6 Perspectives from Educators 53 7 Teacher Preparation and Training 63 8  Developing and Implementing K-12 National Nutrition Education Curriculum Standards 73 REFERENCES 77 APPENDIXES A Statement of Task and Workshop Agenda 81 B Moderator and Speaker Biographical Sketches 87 C Workshop Attendees 99 D Abbreviations and Acronyms 103 ix

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