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REFERENCES Alberti, M. 2010. Maintaining ecological integrity and sustaining ecosystem function in urban areas. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2(3):178-184. Bernays, E., and M. Graham. 1988. On the Evolution of Host Specificity in Phytophagous Arthropods. Ecology 69:886-892. Bernhardt, E. S., M. A. Palmer, J. D. Allan, G. Alexander, K. Barnas, S. Brooks, J. Carr, S. Clayton, C. Dahm, J. Follstad-Shah, D. Galat, S. Gloss, P. Goodwin, D. Hart, B. Hassett, R. Jenkinson, S. Katz, G. M. Kondolf, P. S. Lake, R. Lave, J. L. Meyer, T. K. O'Donnell, L. Pagano, B. Powell, and E. Sudduth. 2005. Synthesizing U.S. River Restoration Efforts. Science 308:636-637. Available at http://www.sciencemag.org/content/308/5722/636.summary; accessed May 3, 2013. Boone, C. G., G. L. Buckley, J. M. Grove, and C. Sister. 2009. Parks and People: An Environmental Justice Inquiry in Baltimore, Maryland. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 99(4). Brewer, R. 1961. Comparative Notes on the Life History of the Carolina Chickadee. Wilson Bulletin 73(4):348-373 Brown, M. A., F. Southworth, and A. Sarzynski, 2009. The geography of metropolitan carbon footprints. Policy and Society 27(4):285-304. Burghardt, K. T., D. W. Tallamy, and W. G. Shriver. 2008. The impact of native plants on biodiversity in suburban landscapes. Conservation Biology 23:219-244. Burghardt, K. T., C. R. Philips, D. W. Tallamy, and K. J. Shropshire. 2010. Non-native plants reduce abundance, richness, and host specialization in Lepidoptera communities. Ecosphere 1(5):11, doi:10.1890/ES10-00032.1 Cariñanos, P., and M. Casares-Porcel. 2011. Urban green zones and related pollen allergy: A review. Some guidelines for designing spaces with low allergy impact. Landscape and Urban Planning 101:205-214. Carson, R. 1962. Silent Spring. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Chiesura, A. 2004. The role of urban parks for the sustainable city. Landscape and Urban Planning 68(1):129-138. Dobbs, C., F.J. Escobedo, and W.C. Zipperer 2011. A framework for developing urban forest ecosystem services and goods indicators. Landscape and Urban Planning 99(3- 4):196-206. Ehrlich, P. R., and P. H. Raven. 1964. Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution Evolution 18:586-608. Ellis, E. C., and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6:439-447. Available at http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/070062?journalCode=fron, accessed May 3, 2013. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies: Trees and Vegetation. Available at http://www.epa.gov/hiri/resources/pdf/ TreesandVegCompendium.pdf; accessed June 2013. EPA. 2013. The Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks. Available at http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/usinventoryreport.html; accessed June 13, 2013. Ferdinand, A. O., B. Sen, S. Rahurkar, S. Engler, and N. Menachemi. 2012. The relationship between built environments and physical activity: a systematic review. American Journal of Public Health 102(10). 41

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