Graeme Stephens (Chair) is currently the Director of the Center for Climate Sciences at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Stephens completed his B.S. with honors from the University of Melbourne in 1973 and received his Ph.D. in 1977 from the same university. He was appointed to the CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research in 1977 as a Research Scientist and promoted to Senior Research Scientist in 1982. From 1979 to 1980, Professor Stephens served as a Post-Doctoral Research Student at the CSU Department of Atmospheric Science. He joined the faculty as an Associate Professor in 1984 at CSU in the Department of Atmospheric Science, was promoted to full professor in 1991 and was appointed as a University Distinguished Professor in 2005. Dr. Stephens’ research activities focus on atmospheric radiation including the application of remote sensing in climate research to understand the role of hydrological processes in climate change. He also serves as the Primary Investigator (PI) of the NASA CloudSat Mission. In 2008 he was appointed as Direct of the NOAA Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) and has served as chairman of a number of national and international panels.
Joanna Haigh is a Professor of Atmospheric Physics and Head of the Department of Physics at Imperial College London. Dr. Haigh completed her M.Sc. at Imperial College London and received her D.Phil. from the University of Oxford. She has published widely in the area of radiative transfer in the atmosphere, climate modeling and radiative forcing of climate change. Professor Haigh is President of the Royal Meteorological Society and Editor of the Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, she was a Lead Author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Third Assessment and has served on many UK and international scientific panels. She is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and of the Royal Meteorological Society; she received the 2004 Institute of Physics Charles Chree Medal and Prize and the Royal Meteorological Society 2010 Adrian Gill Prize for her work on the influence of solar irradiance variability on climate. In 2013 Dr. Haigh was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.
John W. Harvey is an Astronomer at the National Solar Observatory in Tucson, Arizona. He received his M.A. in Astronomy from the University of California and his Ph.D. in Astro-Geophysics from the University of Colorado. Dr. Harvey’s main research interests include helioseismology, polarimetry, magnetic fields, and the solar cycle. He received a NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal in 1990 for research on the solar interior conducted in Antarctica. In 1999, he received the George Ellery Hale Prize, an award that is given annually by the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society for outstanding contributions to the field of
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D Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Graeme Stephens (Chair) is currently the from the University of Oxford. She has Director of the Center for Climate Sciences published widely in the area of radiative at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the transfer in the atmosphere, climate California Institute of Technology. Dr. modeling and radiative forcing of climate Stephens completed his B.S. with honors change. Professor Haigh is President of the from the University of Melbourne in 1973 Royal Meteorological Society and Editor of and received his Ph.D. in 1977 from the the Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, she same university. He was appointed to the was a Lead Author of the Intergovernmental CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research in Panel on Climate Change Third Assessment 1977 as a Research Scientist and promoted and has served on many UK and to Senior Research Scientist in 1982. From international scientific panels. She is a 1979 to 1980, Professor Stephens served as a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and of the Post-Doctoral Research Student at the CSU Royal Meteorological Society; she received Department of Atmospheric Science. He the 2004 Institute of Physics Charles Chree joined the faculty as an Associate Professor Medal and Prize and the Royal in 1984 at CSU in the Department of Meteorological Society 2010 Adrian Gill Atmospheric Science, was promoted to full Prize for her work on the influence of solar professor in 1991 and was appointed as a irradiance variability on climate. In 2013 Dr. University Distinguished Professor in 2005. Haigh was elected a Fellow of the Royal Dr. Stephens' research activities focus on Society of London. atmospheric radiation including the application of remote sensing in climate John W. Harvey is an Astronomer at the research to understand the role of National Solar Observatory in Tucson, hydrological processes in climate change. He Arizona. He received his M.A. in Astronomy also serves as the Primary Investigator (PI) from the University of California and his of the NASA CloudSat Mission. In 2008 he Ph.D. in Astro-Geophysics from the was appointed as Direct of the NOAA Co- University of Colorado. Dr. Harvey’s main operative Institute for Research in the research interests include helioseismology, Atmosphere (CIRA) and has served as polarimetry, magnetic fields, and the solar chairman of a number of national and cycle. He received a NASA Exceptional international panels. Scientific Achievement Medal in 1990 for research on the solar interior conducted in Joanna Haigh is a Professor of Atmospheric Antarctica. In 1999, he received the George Physics and Head of the Department of Ellery Hale Prize, an award that is given Physics at Imperial College London. Dr. annually by the Solar Physics Division of the Haigh completed her M.Sc. at Imperial American Astronomical Society for College London and received her D.Phil. outstanding contributions to the field of 103
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104 Appendix D solar astronomy. In 2011, he was awarded peer-reviewed scientific journals. In addition the Arctowski Medal by the National to leading several research projects, he has Academy of Sciences for studies in solar also served in various program-type physics and solar-terrestrial relationships. leadership roles, including research Program Dr. Harvey is a member of the American Management at NASA Headquarters (2009 Astronomical Society, the American – 2011). Dr. Ichoku is currently serving as Geophysical Union, the Committee on the Deputy Project Scientist of the Total and Space Research, the International Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensors (TSIS) to Astronomical Union, and the Institute of be launched aboard the NASA/NOAA Joint Electrical and Electronic Engineers. During Polar Satellite System’s (JPSS) Free Flyer his career, he has also served on several Mission. panels and committees at The National Academies, including most recently, the Kuo-Nan Liou (NAE) received his B.S. NRC’s Panel on Solar and Heliospheric degree from National Taiwan University in Physics. 1970 and his Ph.D. in Meteorology and Oceanography in the School of Engineering Charles Ichoku is a Research Physical from New York University in 1970. After a Scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight postdoctoral research associate position at Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. He earned the Goddard Institute for Space his B.Sc. Degree in Surveying, Geodesy, and Studies/Columbia University and a research Photogrammetry, and his M.Sc. in faculty position at the University of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing from Washington, Dr. Liou subsequently become the University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus. an Associate Professor at the University of Dr. Ichoku completed his doctoral studies in Utah in 1975 and was promoted to Full France at the Université Pierre et Marie Professor in 1980. He served as Director of Curie (UPMC), Paris, where he received a the Center for Atmospheric and Remote Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures Spécialisées Sensing Studies from 1987-1997 and Chair (DESS) degree in Remote Sensing and a of the Meteorology Department from 1996- Ph.D. in Earth Sciences, in 1989 and 1993, 1997. Dr. Liou joined UCLA in 1997 and respectively. Dr. Ichoku's activities over the served as Chair of the Atmospheric and years have included developing and applying Oceanic Sciences Department from 2000- both experimental and remote sensing 2004. He is currently a Distinguished approaches to research in various branches Professor of Atmospheric Sciences and, of the earth and atmospheric sciences. since 2006, Director of the Joint Institute for Currently, he is actively involved in the Regional Earth System Science and development of innovative remote sensing Engineering. Professor Liou has held joint techniques for global characterization of appointments with the Mechanical and fires, their smoke emissions, and Aerospace Engineering Department since atmospheric aerosols in general, as well as 2003 and the Electrical Engineering evaluating their impacts on the environment Department since 2010. Dr. Liou was elected and climate. He has won several NASA to the National Academy of Engineering individual and group achievement awards, (NAE) in 1999 for contributions in the and has published more than 40 papers in theories of radiation transfer and light
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Appendix D 105 scattering, with applications to remote was the recipient of a NIST Bronze Medal in sensing technology and climate modeling. 2004 for developing the Thermal-infrared He was Chair of the NAE’s Special Fields Transfer Radiometer (TXR), a NIST Bronze and Interdisciplinary Engineering Section Medal in 2011 for developing the HIP, and a from 2008-2010 and is currently a member Department of Commerce Gold Medal in of its Nominating Committee. Dr. Liou has 2012 for leading the NIST contributions served NRC on numerous occasions as a toward understanding sources of differences Report Review Monitor and Coordinator. in absolute measurements reported by His current research interests include different Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) electromagnetic scattering by ice crystals satellite instruments. Dr. Rice was also and aerosols, satellite remote sensing, awarded a National Research Council Post- radiative transfer, and climate modeling. doctoral Research Associateship in 1992. Specifically, his research activities span from regional climate modeling and validation William Smith is a Distinguished Professor using satellite data to direct and indirect of the Department of Atmospheric and effects of aerosols on cloud radiative forcing Planetary Sciences at the Hampton and snow-albedo feedback, radiative transfer University, Hampton Virginia and Professor in 3D mountains and surface energy balance Emeritus of the Department of Atmospheric in climate models, and laboratory light and Oceanic Sciences at the University of scattering and spectroscopy involving small Wisconsin – Madison. Professor Smith was ice crystals and aerosols. the Principal Investigator of several satellite programs for NOAA (1966-1984), Professor Joseph Rice performs research and develops of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the novel systems for electro-optical instrument University of Wisconsin-Madison (1984- calibration, validation, and performance 1997) where he also directed the evaluation at the National Institute of Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Standards and Technology (NIST). These Satellite Studies (CIMSS) and subsequently systems have included a NIST primary the positions of Chief, Atmospheric Sciences standard facility for optical power Division, and Senior Scientist at the NASA’s responsivity measurements and portable Langley Research Center (1997-2004). Dr. radiometers for transferring NIST Smith is an active satellite and airborne radiometric scales to other calibration experimentalist. Most notably, Dr. Smith facilities. Currently he is leading the NIST pioneered the hyper-spectral resolution efforts in development of the Hyperspectral sounding technique that is being used for Image Projector (HIP), and he serves as the current and future polar satellite advanced Group Leader of the Infrared Technology infrared sounding systems (e.g., the Group in the Sensor Science Division at Aqua/AIRS, MetOp/IASI, and NIST. Dr. Rice is a member of the Optical NPP/NPOESS CrIS). Dr. Smith has Society of America (OSA), the Society of published more than 150 papers in the Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers scientific literature and has contributed to (SPIE), the Council for the Optical books used for scientific research and Radiation Measurements (CORM), and the teaching. Dr. Smith has received numerous American Geophysical Union (AGU). He
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106 Appendix D awards for his research accomplishments in energy balance. Specific research interests the field of atmospheric science. include the following: remote sensing of single and multiple cloud layer properties Bruce Wielicki is a Senior Scientist for from multispectral imagery; validation of Radiation Sciences and Science Directorate remotely-sensed cloud properties; effect of at NASA Langley Research Center. He clouds on the Earth’s radiation budget; and currently serves as Science Team lead for the cloud radiative transfer modeling. Dr. CLARREO (Climate Absolute Radiance and Wielicki received his B.S. degree in Applied Refractivity Observatory) decadal survey Math and Engineering Physics from the mission. He served as Principal-Investigator University of Wisconsin - Madison in 1974 on the CERES Investigation for 18 years, and and his Ph.D. degree in Physical as a Co-Investigator on the NASA CloudSat Oceanography from Scripps Institution of and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Oceanography in 1980. He received a NASA Pathfinder Satellite. For over twenty years, Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award Dr. Wielicki’s research has focused on in 1992 and the Henry G. Houghton Award clouds and their role in the Earth’s radiative from the American Meteorological Society in 1995.