solar astronomy. In 2011, he was awarded the Arctowski Medal by the National Academy of Sciences for studies in solar physics and solar-terrestrial relationships. Dr. Harvey is a member of the American Astronomical Society, the American Geophysical Union, the Committee on Space Research, the International Astronomical Union, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. During his career, he has also served on several panels and committees at The National Academies, including most recently, the NRC’s Panel on Solar and Heliospheric Physics.

Charles Ichoku is a Research Physical Scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. He earned his B.Sc. Degree in Surveying, Geodesy, and Photogrammetry, and his M.Sc. in Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing from the University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus. Dr. Ichoku completed his doctoral studies in France at the Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Paris, where he received a Diplôme d’Etudes Supérieures Spécialisées (DESS) degree in Remote Sensing and a Ph.D. in Earth Sciences, in 1989 and 1993, respectively. Dr. Ichoku’s activities over the years have included developing and applying both experimental and remote sensing approaches to research in various branches of the earth and atmospheric sciences. Currently, he is actively involved in the development of innovative remote sensing techniques for global characterization of fires, their smoke emissions, and atmospheric aerosols in general, as well as evaluating their impacts on the environment and climate. He has won several NASA individual and group achievement awards, and has published more than 40 papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals. In addition to leading several research projects, he has also served in various program-type leadership roles, including research Program Management at NASA Headquarters (2009 - 2011). Dr. Ichoku is currently serving as the Deputy Project Scientist of the Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensors (TSIS) to be launched aboard the NASA/NOAA Joint Polar Satellite System’s (JPSS) Free Flyer Mission.

Kuo-Nan Liou (NAE) received his B.S. degree from National Taiwan University in 1970 and his Ph.D. in Meteorology and Oceanography in the School of Engineering from New York University in 1970. After a postdoctoral research associate position at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies/Columbia University and a research faculty position at the University of Washington, Dr. Liou subsequently become an Associate Professor at the University of Utah in 1975 and was promoted to Full Professor in 1980. He served as Director of the Center for Atmospheric and Remote Sensing Studies from 1987-1997 and Chair of the Meteorology Department from 19961997. Dr. Liou joined UCLA in 1997 and served as Chair of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Department from 20002004. He is currently a Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Sciences and, since 2006, Director of the Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering. Professor Liou has held joint appointments with the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department since 2003 and the Electrical Engineering Department since 2010. Dr. Liou was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 1999 for contributions in the theories of radiation transfer and light



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