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Allen, C. D. and D. D. Breshears. 1998. Drought-induced shift of a forest-woodland ecotone: Rapid landscape response to climate variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(25):14839-14842.

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References Abbot, D. S., M. Silber and R. T. Pierrehumbert. 2011. Bifurcations leading to summer Arctic sea ice loss. Journal of Geophysi- cal Research-Atmospheres 116:6017-6027. ACIA (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment). 2005. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Adams, M. A. 2013. Mega-fires, tipping points and ecosystem services: Managing forests and woodlands in an uncertain future. Forest Ecology and Management 294:250-261. Aitken, S. N., S. Yeaman, J. A. Holliday, T. L. Wang and S. Curtis-McLane. 2008. Adaptation, migration or extirpation: Climate change outcomes for tree populations. Evolutionary Applications 1(1):95-111. Alberto, F. J., S. N. Aitken, R. Alía, S. C. González-Martínez, H. Hänninenk, A. Kremer, F. Lefèvre, T. Lenormand, S. Yeaman, R. Whetten and O. Savolainen. 2013. Potential for evolutionary responses to climate change: Evidence from tree popula- tions. Global Change Biology 19:1645-1661. Alexander, M. A., U. S. Bhatt, J. E. Walsh, M. S. Timlin, J. S. Miller and J. D. Scott. 2004. The atmospheric response to realistic Arctic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter. Journal of Climate 17(5):890-905. Allen, C. D. and D. D. Breshears. 1998. Drought-induced shift of a forest-woodland ecotone: Rapid landscape response to cli- mate variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(25):14839-14842. Allen, M. R., D. J. Frame, C. Huntingford, C. D. Jones, J. A. Lowe, M. Meinshausen and N. Meinshausen. 2009. Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne. Nature 458(7242):1163-1166. Allen, R. J., S. C. Sherwood, J. R. Norris and C. S. Zender. 2012. Recent Northern Hemisphere tropical expansion primarily driven by black carbon and tropospheric ozone. Nature 485(7398):350-393. Alley, R. B. 2007. Wally was right: Predictive ability of the North Atlantic “conveyor belt” hypothesis for abrupt climate change. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 35:241-272. Alley, R. B., S. Anandakrishnan, T. K. Dupont, B. R. Parizek and D. Pollard. 2007. Effect of sedimentation on ice-sheet grounding- line stability. Science 315(5820):1838-1841. Alley, R. B., H. J. Horgan, I. Joughin, K. M. Cuffey, T. K. Dupont, B. R. Parizek, S. Anandakrishnan and J. Bassis. 2008. A simple law for ice-shelf calving. Science 322(5906):1344. Alley, R. B. and I. Joughin. 2012. Modeling Ice-Sheet Flow. Science 336(6081):551-552. Alley, R. B., J. Marotzke, W. D. Nordhaus, J. T. Overpeck, D. M. Peteet, R. A. Pielke, R. T. Pierrehumbert, P. B. Rhines, T. F. Stocker, L. D. Talley and J. M. Wallace. 2003. Abrupt climate change. Science 299(5615):2005-2010. Alley, R. B., D. A. Meese, C. A. Shuman, A. J. Gow, K. C. Taylor, P. M. Grootes, J. W. C. White, M. Ram, E. D. Waddington, P. A. Mayewski and G. A. Zielinski. 1993. Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas Event. Nature 362(6420):527-529. Allison, E. H., A. L. Perry, M. C. Badjeck, W. N. Adger, K. Brown, D. Conway, A. S. Halls, G. M. Pilling, J. D. Reynolds, N. L. Andrew and N. K. Dulvy. 2009. Vulnerability of national economies to the impacts of climate change on fisheries. Fish and Fisheries 10(2):173-196. Alvarez, L. W., W. Alvarez, F. Asaro and H. V. Michel. 1980. Extraterrestrial cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction. Sci- ence 208(4448):1095-1108. AMSA (Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment). 2009. Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment 2009 Report. Arctic Council, Ar- lington, VA. Anandakrishnan, S., G. A. Catania, R. B. Alley and H. J. Horgan. 2007. Discovery of till deposition at the grounding line of Whillans Ice Stream. Science 315(5820):1835-1838. Anderegg, W. R. L., J. M. Kane and L. D. L. Anderegg. 2013. Consequences of widespread tree mortality triggered by drought and temperature stress. Nature Climate Change 3(1):30-36. 171

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