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3. Evans, R.J., and T. A. Milne. 1988. Energy from Biomass and Wastes XI, D. Klass, ed., Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago: pp. 807–838; Evans, R. J., and T. A. Milne. 1988. Research in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, A. V. Bridgwater and J. Kuester, eds. Elsevier Applied Science, London, pp. 264–279.

4. Diebold, J.P., and J.W. Scahill. 1988. In Pyrolysis Oils from Biomass — Producing, Analyzing, and Upgrading, E. Soltes and T. Milne, eds. ACS Symp. Series 376. 21–28; Diebold, J.P., and J.W. Scahill. 1988. ibid. 31–40.

5. Diebold, J.P., and J.A. Power. 1988. Research in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, A.V. Bridgwater and J. Kuester, eds., Elsevier Applied Science, London, pp. 609–628.

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. Forest Prod. J. 31 (10):63–68; Gratzl, J. 1979. Proceedings of Weyerhaeuser Symposium on Phenolic Resins-Chemistry and Applications Tacoma, Washington, June.

7. Hemingway, R., and A. Conner, eds. 1989. Adhesives from Renewable Resources. ACS Symp. Series 385; Forss, K., and A. Fuhrman. 1972. Forest Prod. J. 29 (7):39; Forss, K., and A. Fuhrman. 1979. U.S. Patent 4,105,606.

8. Soltes, E. 1980. Tappi, 63(7):75–77; Soltes, E., A. Wiley, and S. Lin. 1981. Biotech. Bioeng. Symp. 11:125–136; Elder, T.J. 1979. The Characterization and Potential Utilization of Phenolic Compounds Found in Pyrolysis Oil, Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M University.

9. Soltes, E., and T. Milne, eds. 1988. Pyrolysis Oils from Biomass — Producing, Analyzing and Upgrading. ACS Symp. Series 376. Bridgwater, A.V., and J. Kuester, eds. 1988. Research in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion. Elsevier Applied Science, London, and references therein.

10. Chum, H.L., J.P. Diebold, J.W. Scahill, D.K. Johnson, S. Black, H.A. Schroeder, and R. Kreibich. 1989. Biomass Pyrolysis Oil Feedstocks for Phenolic Adhesives. In Adhesives from Renewable Resources, R. Hemingway, and A. Conner eds. ACS Symp. Series 385:135–151.

11. Chum, H.L., and S.K. Black. 1990. Process for Fracionating Fast Pyrolysis Oils and Products Derived Therefrom. U.S. Patent 4,942,269.

12. Johnson, D.K., and H.L. Chum. 1988. In Pyrolysis Oils from Biomass — Producing, Analyzing and Upgrading, E. Soltes and T. Milne, eds. ACS Symp. Series 376:156–166; Chum, H.L., and J. McKinley. 1988. Research in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, A.V. Bridgwater, and J. Kuester, eds. Elsevier Applied Science, London, pp. 1177–1180; McKinley, J., G. Barras, and H.L. Chum. 1988. ibid. pp. 236–250.



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