the social and behavioral science IRB at Yale. This IRB is responsible for review of the broad range of social, behavioral, and educational research conducted at the university. Dr. Bouregy also served as codirector of the university’s human research protection program accreditation project. Dr. Bouregy holds a Ph.D. in biology from Brandeis University.

Lois Brako is assistant vice president for research–regulatory and compliance oversight, at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Her responsibilities include coordinating activities related to the development and modification of campuswide research policies and procedures and strategic planning for regulatory compliance oversight. Dr. Brako is the director of the University of Michigan’s Human Research Protections Program, which spans four IRB offices and nine IRBs, with oversight of more than 5,600 projects. Dr. Brako chairs the University of Michigan IRB Council, cochairs the Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Research Oversight Committee, serves as a member of the Institutional Biosafety Committee, and is a consultant to the University Committee on the Use and Care of Animals. She is also a member of the University of Michigan’s leadership team for electronic information system development and is currently helping to design a new system for conflict of interest review and management. Dr. Brako is cochair of the Federal Demonstration Partnership’s Human Subjects Protections Subcommittee, a group dedicated to reducing regulatory burden for investigators, and a participating member in the Council on Governmental Relations. Dr. Brako holds a Ph.D. in biology from the City University of New York.

Steven J. Breckler is executive director of the American Psychological Association’s (APA’s) Science Directorate, overseeing programs that promote psychological science in academic and scientific arenas and that advocate on behalf of scientific psychology. Before joining APA, Dr. Breckler directed the National Science Foundation’s (NSF’s) Social Psychology Program. He also helped to develop and lead the NSF Science of Learning Centers Program, which supports interdisciplinary teams of scientists to advance understanding of human and animal learning. Dr. Breckler was an associate professor of psychology at Johns Hopkins University. He is author or coauthor of more than 60 papers on topics ranging from attitude development to jury functioning. Dr. Breckler’s research has been supported by grants from the NSF, the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Defense. He is also the coauthor of a widely used textbook, Social Psychology Alive! Dr. Breckler served on the editorial boards for Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Psychological Bulletin, and Psychological Science in the Public Interest. He is a fellow of the APA, the Association for Psychological Science, and the American Association

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