•Ambiguous aspects of DEPSCoR’s legislative mandate create the potential for misinterpreting the legislative intent. Congress should re-examine and consider clarifying DEPSCoR’s legislative mandate.
•Once the DEPSCoR objectives have been clarified, the program should be redesigned with a clearer and more focused strategy for enhancing the competitiveness of individual researchers, research institutions and eligible states.
Due to the discontinuation of DEPSCoR, none of these reform measures were put into place. However, other federal agencies might find them useful to consider in their efforts to enhance the impact and effectiveness of their EPSCoR programs.