consider how best to manage multiple ecosystem services across a diverse and large marine ecosystem.

As many in the region have already realized, past decisions that were aimed at enhancing a particular ecosystem service to maximize a particular benefit—for example, energy development, fisheries, or tourism—have resulted in tradeoffs that diminished the capacity of other ecosystem services to deliver benefits. Although the fines, penalties, and outcomes of litigation will help to fund and further our scientific understanding of the GoM ecosystem and how it functions, policymakers and the public should consider potential tradeoffs as they set priorities and goals for restoring and strengthening their communities and the GoM natural resources.The ecosystem services approach is one tool that could be used during these deliberations to more fully capture the value of assorted services in the GoM.

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