FIGURE 6.1 Distribution of RESTORE Act funds. SOURCE: Based on Tulane Institute on Water Resources Law and Policy (2013).

ration, including through research, modeling, and monitoring; and providing an annual report to the Congress on implementation progress.” Thirty-five percent of the RESTORE Act funds will be divided equally among the five impacted states for ecological restoration, economic development, and tourism promotion; 30 percent will be divided among the states according to a formula to implement individual state expenditure plans as approved by the Council; 2.5 percent will be given to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for a monitoring, observation, and technology program; and the final 2.5 percent will be used by the five impacted states for the establishment of research centers of excellence. The CWA is only one of the potential grounds for statutory liability for damage caused by the spill for the responsible parties; the Oil Pollution Act, discussed below, is another.

In May 2010, BP Production and Exploration committed $500 million over a 10-year period to create a broad, independent research program to be conducted at research institutions primarily in the Gulf Coast states.3 BP initially granted year-one block grants in June 2010 to Gulf



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