characterized as having a high ratio of edge to area, provides an environment for high-quality recreational fishing and also habitat for commercially important species, but it is less effective for storm protection. In contrast, continuous or connected marsh provides higher quality storm surge protection, but it is not as good for recreational and commercial fishing (Minello et al., 1994; Peterson and Turner, 1994; Zimmerman et al., 2002). The quality of each of these services is strongly connected to two alternate states of marsh habitat. Focusing on the resilience of a particular state of a habitat (e.g., fragmented versus continuous marsh) can also lead to resilient ecosystem services that are connected to a specific state of the habitat. As a society we would prefer having more of all ecosystem services, but given that only one condition can occur at one time, there will be tradeoffs between services.



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