Appendix B

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges
ACA Affordable Care Act
ACO accountable care organization
ACS American Community Survey
 
BCBSMA Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts
 
CBO Congressional Budget Office
CBSA core based statistical area
CHD coronary heart disease
CHF congestive heart failure
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPT current procedural terminology
 
DME direct medical education or durable medical equipment
DRG diagnosis-related group
DSH disproportionate share hospital
 
FHS Fairview Health Services
FISMA Federal Information Security and Management Act of 2002
FQHC federally qualified health center
 
GDP gross domestic product


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OCR for page 129
Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges ACA Affordable Care Act ACO accountable care organization ACS American Community Survey BCBSMA Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts CBO Congressional Budget Office CBSA core based statistical area CHD coronary heart disease CHF congestive heart failure CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CPT current procedural terminology DME direct medical education or durable medical equipment DRG diagnosis-related group DSH disproportionate share hospital FHS Fairview Health Services FISMA Federal Information Security and Management Act of 2002 FQHC federally qualified health center GDP gross domestic product 129

OCR for page 129
130 VARIATION IN HEALTH CARE SPENDING GPCI geographic practice cost index HCC hierarchical condition category HEDIS Health Care Effectiveness Data and Information Set HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HIT health information technology HMO health maintenance organization HRR hospital referral region HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration HSA hospital service area IHA integrated health association IME indirect medical education IOM Institute of Medicine IQI inpatient quality composite indicator MedPAC Medicare Payment Advisory Commission MSA metropolitan statistical area NCQA National Committee for Quality Assurance OIG U.S. Office of the Inspector General PCMH primary care medical home or patient-centered medical home PCP primary care physician PDI pediatric quality indicator PGPD physician group practice demonstration PHE precision health economics PPO preferred provider organization PQI prevention quality indicator PSI patient safety indicator PYE partial-year enrollment RVU relative value unit RxHCC prescription drug hierarchical condition category SGR sustainable growth rate VBP value-based purchasing