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APPENDIX D SELECTED BACKGROUND REFERENCES Azevedo, Fernando. Brazilian Culture. New York: Macmillan Co. , 1950. ~ Azevedo, Thales. "O Estudo de areas regionais," Arquivos da Uni- versidade da Bahia, Faculdade de Filosofia, III, 1954. Baldus , Herbert. Bibliografia critica da etnologia brasileira. Sao Paulo: Comissao do IV Centenario, 1954. CAPES. Instituicoes de pesquisas. Serie Informa^ao 5. Rio de Janeiro: CAPES, 1957. Costa Pinto, L.A., and Carneiro, E. As ciencias sociais no Braail. Serie Estudos e Ensaios, 6. Rio de Janeiro: CAPES, 1955. Ribeiro, Darcy. "Luiguas e culturas indigenas do Brasil," Educacao e Ciencias Sociais, H, No. 6 (November 1957). Smith, T. Lynn. Brazil: People and Institutions. Rev. ed. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press , 1954. Sodre, Nelson W. O que se deve ler para conhecer o Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: CAPES, I960. Trujillo, Alfonso F. Pesquisas e publicagoes nas Ciencias Sociais 1933-1958. Sao Paulo: Escola de Sociologia e Polftica de Sao Paulo, 1958. Wagley, Charles. "Brazilian Community Studies; A Methodological Evaluation," Anais do XXXI Congresso Internacional de American- istas. Sao Paulo: Editora Anhembi, 1955. 59

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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES- NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL The National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council is a private, nonprofit organization of scientists, dedicated to the furtherance of science and to its use for the general welfare. The Academy itself was established in 1863 under a Congressional charter signed by President Lincoln. Empowered to provide for all activities appropriate to academies of science, it was also required by its charter to act as an adviser to the Federal Government in scientific matters. This provision accounts for the close ties that have always existed between the Academy and the Government, although the Academy is not a governmental agency. The National Research Council was established by the Academy in 1916, at the request of President Wilson, to enable scientists generally to associate their efforts with those of the limited membership of the Academy in service to the nation, to society, and to science at home and abroad. Members of the National Research Council receive their appointments from the President of the Academy. They include representatives nominated by the major scientific and technical societies, representatives of the Federal Govern- ment, and a number of members-at-large. In addition, several thousand scientists and engineers take part in the activities of the Research Council through membership on its various boards and committees. Receiving funds from both public and private sources, by contributions, grant, or contract, the Academy and its Research Council thus work to stimulate research and its applications, to survey the broad possibilities of science, to promote effective utilization of the scientific and technical resources of the country, to serve the Government, and to further the general interests of science.