with more than 30,000 students annually. After retiring as a Lieutenant General, Dr. Peake served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of Project Hope, a nonprofit international health foundation operating in more than 30 countries. Just prior to his nomination as VA Secretary, Dr. Peake served as Chief Operating Officer and a member of the Board of Directors for QTC, one of the largest private providers of government-outsourced occupational health and disability examination services in the nation. Dr. Peake is currently Senior Vice President at CGI Federal. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on Health Threats Resilience and chaired the workshop series and report Building a Resilient Workforce: Opportunities for the Department of Homeland Security. Dr. Peake is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the American College of Cardiology. He has been honored with the Order of Military Merit; the “A” Professional Designator; and the Medallion, Surgeon General, of the United States.

Dennis S. Charney, MD, is a world expert in the neurobiology and treatment of mood and anxiety disorders. He has made fundamental contributions to the understanding of the causes of human anxiety, fear, and depression and the discovery of new treatments for mood and anxiety disorders. More recently, his pioneering research has expanded to include the psychobiological mechanisms of human resilience to stress. Dr. Charney’s work in depression has led to new hypotheses regarding the mechanisms of antidepressant drugs and discovery of new and novel therapies for treatment-resistant depression, including Lithium and Ketamine. The work demonstrating that Ketamine is a rapidly acting antidepressant has been hailed as one of the most exciting developments in antidepressant therapy in more than half a century. Dr. Charney’s studies on human resilience have culminated in the identification of 10 key resilience factors for building the strength to weather and bounce back from stress and trauma. This work is summarized in an inspiring new book, Resilience: The Science of Mastering Life’s Greatest Challenges, coauthored by Steven Southwick and published by Cambridge University Press in 2012. As Dean of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Dr. Charney unveiled Mount Sinai’s $2.25 billion strategic plan, laying the foundation for the robust 15-institute structure that Mount Sinai is known for today. Today, these institutes are hubs of scientific and clinical enterprise, working together to challenge the limits of science and medicine. Mount Sinai now stands among the most innovative of the top medical



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