that the resulting assessment tasks are (1) consistent with the framework and NGSS, (2) provide information to support the intended inferences, and (3) are valid for the intended use.

RECOMMENDATION 3-1 To ensure that assessments of a given performance expectation in the Next Generation Science Standards provide the evidence necessary to support the intended inference, assessment designers should follow a systematic and principled approach to assessment design, such as evidence-centered design or construct modeling. In so doing, multiple forms of evidence need to be assembled to support the validity argument for an assessment’s intended interpretive use and to ensure equity and fairness.

 

 



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