(e.g., hanging posters on boxes, or at railway stations, or via weekly or monthly gatherings).

In addition, India has a National Disaster Response Force with about 12,000 people, one of the largest in the world, with a dedicated force for disaster management including severe disasters. This force works with local forces and trains them as well. At a time of peace, prior to a disaster, these forces should prepare people at the grassroots level, accepting the help of the “home wards.” This should be the model for responses to nuclear events. It is the single most important thing that should be done because if one wants to grow using public money, and if that growth occurs without public confidence, it will not work. No matter how great a genius one may be in this area, he or she must be allowed to speak without any question.

With regard to training people or courses for communicating complex issues to the public, another participant remarked that the many communication courses available to him and his colleagues focused on good communication skills in general, including how to make a limited number of points clearly, and not be too complex. A class specifically on how to communicate scientific uncertainties without causing panic would be helpful to develop. Other issues to address in such a class would be how to communicate topics unique to science and the realities of what experts deal with to the people.

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