Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, should be encouraged. Undertaking joint publications on the topics discussed, such as the state of the art in nuclear forensics and attribution would also be worthwhile. In particular, one possibility which is a little ambitious, but which should be considered, the participant said, is the formation of a joint, publicly-announced team capable of offering services for detection and forensic investigation of an incidence of illicit trafficking to any country in the world that feels handicapped or feels the need for them. Such a joint team could be a measure of taking things forward and building a profile as two open societies, both with advanced nuclear capabilities.

NAS Summary

Rita Guenther thanked workshop participants, first and foremost, the distinguished presenters and guests for an excellent three days of exchange of views, and the very open and frank discussion.

She highlighted a few themes that emerged from the discussions, which, in her view, may serve as a foundation for joint cooperation. This list of themes is certainly not comprehensive; there are many more themes which have emerged, but the following can serve as a concrete foundation for going forward.

1.   The need for better understanding of how to measure and characterize nuclear materials.

2.   The opportunity to bring together collective knowledge of nuclear materials and methodologies to raise overall understanding, for example, through better and more effective databases.

3.   The need to better understand, detect, and interrupt those who may represent a threat to nuclear security, be they insiders, be they terrorists, or a combination thereof.

4.   The need to harness new, modern, and cutting-edge technologies and methodologies, to strengthen the broad spectrum of essential security infrastructures, including those related to cyber security.

5.   The need and opportunity for continuous exchanges of best practices by learning from technical experts of our countries. This may take a variety of forms over the coming years, but may serve as a foundation and a basis to begin immediately.

Having listened to the last three days of discussions, Guenther commented that there is a very solid basis upon which we can build as our two countries take these discussions to the next phase of concrete cooperative joint efforts. At the close of this workshop, Guenther continued to be extremely optimistic about the prospects for addressing our common goal of nuclear security through the joint work of our technical experts.

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