summary bearing the same name. To focus these sessions and discussions, NAS and NIAS developed the following goals and objectives for the joint workshop:
• To build mutual understanding of how experts in India and the United States approach issues of civilian nuclear materials management and security;
• To establish contacts among Indian and U.S. scientists and experts on nuclear materials security and to enhance confidence in cooperation on nuclear security issues; and
• To identify concrete, technically-based areas for potential future collaboration between the technical experts of India and the United States, including through the Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership.
BOX S.1: STATEMENT OF TASK
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences working with the Indian National Institute for Advanced Studies will convene a joint workshop to identify and examine potential areas for scientific and technical cooperation between the United States and India on issues related to nuclear material security. The workshop may identify options for work that is of mutual interest for technical collaboration under the newly signed Memorandum of Understanding for the Indian Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership. The agenda for the workshop will be developed jointly with Indian counterparts, but could include a variety of technical issues in nuclear materials management, such as nuclear materials safeguards, detection, monitoring, and nuclear forensics. The National Academy of Sciences will provide an individually-authored summary of the workshop.
KEY ISSUES FROM WORKSHOP
The key issues noted here are some of those raised by individual workshop participants, and do not in any way indicate consensus of workshop participants overall.
Introduction and Overview of Civilian Nuclear Materials
• Civilian nuclear material is found in many countries around the world, although exact quantities are not known.
• Even countries that do not have fissile materials may be used as transit countries for illicit transport of nuclear materials.