Promising Topics for Collaboration Arising from the Presentations and Discussions

These promising topics for collaboration arising from the presentations and discussions do not necessarily represent the consensus of the participants, but are rather a selection of the topics offered by individual participants throughout the presentations and discussions.

•   There is little sharing of experience among experts working in fuel cycle facilities in some countries, which indicates that there is opportunity for communication in this area.

•   Due to the high consequence to the public if a malevolent act were to occur, proper protection planning, design, and implementation approaches are well documented and shared within the global security community. However, thus far Indian and American experts have not had an opportunity to fully exchange experiences, therefore more such opportunities should be sought bilaterally and within the broader security community. This offers the opportunity for more Indian-U.S. exchange.

•   The problem of how to assess quantitatively the probability (frequency) of attack in the security and safeguards areas may be one possible joint research project.

•   Commonality in the measure of consequences across safety, security, and safeguards is a possible area of joint cooperation.

•   At many nuclear installations there is a need to augment communication resources for purposes of both security and safeguards.

•   Consequence management training tools, such as the development of a plume simulator for handheld instruments, could be another area of cooperation.

•   Exchange programs for students would be beneficial for both countries.

Overview of Civilian Nuclear Security: A Systems Approach

Robert Kuckuck drew upon his experience as a former director of a nuclear facility and a principal deputy director of the National Nuclear Security Administration to provide his views on security for civilian nuclear facilities from a systems perspective. This perspective begins, he stated, with a global system and continues to the local, facility system. The global system involves policies and agreements; the domestic system also involves policies, enforcement, and oversight. Operational facility systems are embedded systems that involve the actual handling of materials and the actual implementation of nuclear security features.

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