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B Acronyms ACS American Community Survey APL Applied Physics Laboratory ASPRS American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer AVIRIS Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer BLM Bureau of Land Management CDR climate data record COSMIC Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate COSMO-SkyMed Constellation of small Satellites for the Mediterranean basin Observation DESDynI Deformation, Ecosystem Structure and Dynamics of Ice mission DMC Disaster Monitoring Constellation DOD Department of Defense DOI Department of the Interior DSM digital surface model DTM digital terrain model ECV essential climate variable EOSAT, Inc. Earth Observation Satellite (company) EROS A Earth Resources Observation Satellite EROS Center Earth Resources Observation and Science Center ERS-1/2 European Remote Sensing Satellites 1 and 2 ERTS Earth Resources Technology Satellite, also Landsat 1 ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper FCDR fundamental climate data record FNCCC First National Climate Change Communication 54
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APPENDIX B 55 FWS Fish and Wildlife Service GCOS Global Climate Observing System HyspIRI Hyperspectral Infrared Imager InSAR interferometric synthetic aperture radar IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change JERS-1 Japanese Earth Resources Satellite 1 KOMPSAT 2, 3A Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite 2 and 3A LANDFIRE Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools LDCM Landsat Data Continuity Mission LiDAR light detection and ranging LIST LiDAR Surface Topography MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MSI Multispectral Imager MSS Multispectral Scanning System NAIP National Agriculture Imagery Program NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP National Polar-orbiting Partnership NPS National Park Service NRC National Research Council OLI Operational Land Imager OMB Office of Management and Budget OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy R&D research and development RBV Return Beam Vidicon REDD United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries RFI request for information SAR synthetic aperture radar SEASAT Seafaring Satellite Mission SELIP Sustained and Enhanced Land Imaging Program SIR-C Spaceborne Imaging Radar C band SPOT 5, 6, 7 Système pour l’Observation de la Terre (System for Earth Observation) SWIR shortwave infrared region TACSAT-3 Tactical Satellite 3 TCDR thematic climate data record
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56 LANDSAT AND BEYOND TerraSAR-X Terra Synthetic Aperture Radar X-band TIR thermal infrared region TIRS Thermal Infrared Sensor TM Thematic Mapper TOPEX/Poseidon Topography Experiment/Poseidon UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change USFS U.S. Forest Service USGS U.S. Geological Survey VIIRS Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite VNIR visible and near-infrared region