scripts of those who submitted their credentials to the Uniform Job Bank (almost all high school and college students did so, since most prospective employers required that). The Uniform Job Bank also contains the test results “voluntarily submitted” of all standardized academic tests taken throughout the academic career. A personalized invitation to apply for advanced assessment is [delivered] to the most promising of the candidates. [Thumb prints and iris eye scans proctor Internet-administered] interests-ability-personality tests and … a live team assessment simulation with other such candidates.

A computer algorithm identifies the preferred profiles for a team position to be filled that is compatible with others already on the team. Diversity across genders and races is considered based on current underrepresented groups.

… Once a year, Army personnel re-take interests-ability-personality tests as well as measures of proficiency and continued fitness for duty….The results of brain scans, now effortlessly made at personal computers with an inexpensive BioCap are integrated into the database….Personnel interests-ability-personality profiles are constantly scanned when team vacancies arise. Individuals learn of their matched team options and may apply for such vacancies on nomination.

While the reaction to this scenario from other workshop participants was mixed regarding the feasibility of such a future, Lowman’s point was that many of these futuristic tools and technologies are not impossible to imagine, given current and emerging capabilities. And if those creating the tools and technologies do not anticipate and prepare for the ethical issues that will arise, Lowman cautioned that the practical utility of many tools may be limited.

CODES OF ETHICS

With the case study providing context for the challenges ahead, Lowman encouraged the workshop participants to examine some of the issues that it raised. “What ethical issues arise from this hypothetical scenario? How would we address those concerns?”

To answer these questions, he said, the first question is whose ethics should be used to address and resolve ethical issues and concerns? A variety of professions have ethics codes, he noted, and they are generally distinct.

One of the best-known codes of ethics is that of medicine, which dates back to the Hippocratic Oath from the fifth century BCE. In his oath Hippocrates addressed a number of areas still of concern to medical doctors today: competence (“I will apply [prescriptive] measures for the benefit of the sick, according to my ability and judgment”), avoiding conflicts of interest (“Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit



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