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Appendix C

Acronyms

AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AMD acid mine drainage
AMP antimicrobial peptide
ATP adenosine triphosphate
BAM bacteriophage adherence to mucus
CA-MRSA community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus
CBER Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research
CD Crohn’s disease
CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DIO diet-induced obesity
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
FMT fecal microbiota transplantation
GE gastroesophageal
GEJ gastroesophageal junction
GI gastrointestinal
GIO gene-induced obesity
HIV human immunodeficiency virus


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OCR for page 501
Appendix C Acronyms AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AMD acid mine drainage AMP antimicrobial peptide ATP adenosine triphosphate BAM bacteriophage adherence to mucus CA-MRSA community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus CBER Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research CD Crohn’s disease CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention DOE U.S. Department of Energy DIO diet-induced obesity DNA deoxyribonucleic acid FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration FMT fecal microbiota transplantation GE gastroesophageal GEJ gastroesophageal junction GI gastrointestinal GIO gene-induced obesity HIV human immunodeficiency virus 501

OCR for page 501
502 MICROBIAL ECOLOGY IN STATES OF HEALTH AND DISEASE HMO human milk oligosaccharides HMP Human Microbiome Project IBD inflammatory bowel disease iNKT invariant natural killer T IOM Institute of Medicine MAMP microbe-associated molecular pattern MIO microbe-induced obesity mRNA messenger ribonucleic acid MRSA methicillin-resistant S. aureus NASH nonalcoholic steatohepatitis NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIH National Institutes of Health NO nitric oxide NSF National Science Foundation OPC oropharyngeal candidiasis OTU operational taxonomic unit PAMP pathogen-associated molecular pattern PAT pulsed antibiotic treatment PCoA principal coordinate analysis PCR polymerase chain reaction POP pattern of pathogenesis PRR pattern-recognition receptor rDNA ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid RNA ribonucleic acid rRNA ribosomal ribonucleic acid RYGB Roux-en-Y gastric bypass SCFA short-chain fatty acid SIV simian immunodeficiency virus STAT subtherapeutic antibiotic treatment TMAO trimethylamine N-oxide VVC vulvovaginal candidiasis