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nuclear matters among concerned countries, including the four major powers in the region (Japan, China, the United States, and the Soviet Union), each of which has independent sources of strength and its own security agenda. The United States should seek cooperative efforts with the powers concerned on:
  • security and safety measures,

  • command and control, and

  • declaration and verification of present deployments and future plans.

(7) The United States should continue to give high priority to efforts to prevent the further proliferation of nuclear weapons. Emphasis should be given to decreasing the demand or incentives for proliferation as well as to limiting the supply of technology. The United States should take the lead in supporting international efforts to:

  • strengthen the existing Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) regime by augmenting the safeguards required of treaty signatories on their own programs and on the programs of countries to which they export materials and equipment;

  • strengthen existing international agreements restricting technology applicable to nuclear weapons programs and related delivery systems and, where necessary, negotiate new ones;

  • promote parallel declarations by all nuclear weapon states that they will not use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against nonnuclear weapon states in any circumstances and that their nuclear weapons serve no purpose beyond the deterrence of, or possible response to, the use of nuclear weapons by other nuclear weapon states; and

  • support regional arms control efforts aimed at limiting arms races and local security threats.


1. As used in this report in reference to nuclear weapons, the term is restricted to what is commonly referred to as “crisis stability.” This designates the condition under which the ability of a nation's forces to deliver “unacceptable” retaliation is not impaired by being struck first by an opponent's forces.

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