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room and sat in the first row. It was only then that Edward remembered that Einstein was on the Princeton faculty. Edward said that he “survived the presentation and a direct question from Einstein and got out with my life.”

In 1948 Edward was recruited to join the fledgling RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California, where he rose to be vice president of the Engineering Division specializing in air defense studies for the US Air Force. He distinguished himself for his ability to successfully manage large and complex studies that would affect the design of US defense forces for the ensuing decade. He managed a second defense study in 1954 that developed new philosophies and doctrines for air defense in response to the development of thermonuclear weapons. This study included work on anti-intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) early warning radar systems, wherein Edward specified the design of the specialized radar that was used in the Defense Early Warning network that was constructed across northern Canada. During his last two years at RAND, from 1958 to 1960, he was the director of interdisciplinary projects.

In 1960 Edward was recruited to join the newly formed Aerospace Corporation in El Segundo, California, where he was vice president and general manager of the engineering division, leading engineering studies on missile and satellite systems for the US Air Force and NASA. The corporation was organized and funded as a nonprofit company in the public interest to provide independent engineering reviews and objective leadership in the advancement of space science and technology for the government of the United States. In this work, Edward held high-level security clearances and, among other projects, helped develop the booster systems for the first orbital spy satellites in conjunction with Skunk Works at Lockheed in Sunnyvale, California. Another major project was the development of the Titan 3C heavy lift rocket system, which was “his baby.” He also led the certification of the Titan missile for use in the Gemini program. He was in the blockhouse at Cape Canaveral for every launch and, on behalf of Aerospace Corporation as contractor, signed a document at T minus 30 seconds and counting that “the rocket will work.”



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