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APPENDIX A 35 Education and Employment ofU.S. Workers What do 18- and 19-year-olds do with their time? (See table.) In 1982, 48 percent of these persons were still attending school, either college or high school, either full time or part time. Of the 18- and 19-year-olds enrolled in school, over one third both attended school and worked. Status of 18- and 19-Year-Olds, October 1982 (Thousands) Category Total Enrolled in School Not Enrolled in School Non-High School Graduate High School Graduate Total civilian population 8,021 3,837 1,336 2,850 Number in labor force 5,020 1,745 896 2,380 Employed 3,864 1,430 558 1,877 Unemployed 1,156 315 •338 503 Not in labor force 3,001 2,092 440 470 Armed forces 242 NA NA NA NA = Not available. Source: Table compiled from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin 2192, Students, Graduates, and Dropouts, October 1980-1982. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, December 1983.
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36 APPENDIX A Of all 18- and 19-year-olds, 36 percent were high school graduates who were not attending school. Of these, about two thirds were employed. The other third were either unemployed or not seeking work. About 3 percent of all 18- and 19-year-olds were in the armed forces. What is the educational profile of the labor force? (See figure.) In 1983, about 40 percent of those in the labor force 25 to 44 years old had ended their formal education with a high school diploma. About 40 to 45 percent had some college training, and many of them eventually graduated from college. Of course, many individuals receive on-the-job training that is not counted as formal education. Educational Attainment of Persons in the Labor Force, Ages 25 to 44, Percent Distribution, March 1983 50 4(1 30 10 39.3 40.3 Legend ^ Ages 25 to 34 ~^\ Ages 35 lo 44 15.8 11.3 26.9 25.9 22.5 18.0 Non-High High School School Graduate Graduate Some College College Graduate or More Source: Figure compiled from Anne McDougall Young and Howard Hayghe, "More U.S. Workers Are College Graduates," Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 107, No. 3, March 1983, pp. 44-49. The panel thanks John Tschetter, of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, for his help in preparing this appendix.