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Summary A brief summary is presented of the current status of mesoscale meteorolog- ical research in the United States. In strong agreement with recent studies, it is concluded that the time is ripe for important scientific and technological advances in this subject that would be of significant benefit to the nation. Progress would be greatly accelerated through strong coordination of research efforts. It is recommended that a National Mesoscale Program be established in order to focus and enhance research into the mesoscale aspects of extra- tropical cyclones and severe local storms. The principal practical goals of this research would be significant improvements in short-range weather forecasts of precipitation and the occurrence of severe weather including hurricanes, thunderstorms, and tornadoes.