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Recommendations In view of the foregoing considerations we recommend the establishment of a National Mesoscale Program. Suggested guidelines for the program are as fol- lows: • The program should be a cooperative effort involving federal agencies, national laboratories, universities, and private organizations. • In recognition of the need for both long-term fundamental solutions of the mesoscale prediction problem and short-term practical solutions, the pro- gram should have two components: a basic research arm and an applied arm. • The basic research arm should involve improvement of theoretical and numerical models of mesoscale phenomena, development of new instrumenta- tion, holding of field experiments to gather special data sets, and use of the data in diagnostic and numerical studies of mesoscale phenomena. • The applied research arm should involve pilot or prototype experiments aimed at testing the utility of the latest technological developments and scien- tific findings in providing better warning and short-period prediction of important mesoscale phenomena, such as severe convective storms. • Overlap of basic and applied research should be encouraged when the overlap will assist in the transfer of scientific and technical knowledge to agency operations without compromising scientific objectives. • The development of the plan for the National Mesoscale Program should be joint responsibility of the federal agencies and the university community, as represented by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, and should take advantage of the advisory apparatus of the National Research Council. 28

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Recommendations 29 • The management of the National Mesoscale Program should be prescribed in a planning document. Past experience would suggest designating the federal agency with the largest commitment—in this case the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration—as lead agency, but other possible administra- tive arrangements could be considered. • The National Mesoscale Program should be viewed as a long-term proj- ect requiring stable funding for a period on the order of a decade.