United States: The Role of Health Impact Assessment1 and Sustainability and the U.S. EPA,2 have helped to illuminate these issues. However, they have yet to be applied to biofuels.

Hence, the workshop that is summarized in these pages, titled “The Nexus of Biofuels Energy, Climate Change, and Health,” focused on air, water, land use, food, and social impacts of biofuels as an energy resource. The workshop’s invited speakers described the state of the science and the health policy implications of using different types (and generations) of biofuels as an energy source.

The workshop was part of a series of workshops focused on current and emerging environmental issues and their impacts on human health. These workshops are sponsored by the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine. The roundtable was established to provide a mechanism for parties from the academic, industrial, and federal research perspectives to meet and discuss sensitive and difficult environmental health issues in a neutral scientific setting. The purpose is to foster dialogue, but not to provide recommendations. In this workshop summary, statements, recommendations, and opinions expressed are those of individual presenters and participants, and are not necessarily endorsed or verified by the IOM, and they should not be construed as reflecting any group consensus.


1 NRC (National Research Council). 2011. Improving health in the United States: The role of health impact assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

2 NRC (National Research Council). 2011. Sustainability and the U.S. EPA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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