that his office consulted with NORAD regarding the term “BAR” and was told that it was satisfactory.

Raymond Mariella, Jr., a senior scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, asked how long it would take to develop a new assay for an autonomous system for a previously unidentified organism. Walter responded that it could take a year or longer because, in addition to the assay itself, there would need to be accompanying bioinformatics. Although reagents can be ordered quickly through CDC and DoD, the primary reagent suppliers for the BioWatch program, Walter said that validation is needed to ensure that the assay is working accurately, and this process could take a substantial amount of time.

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