Questions Used to Assess Food Security of Households in the Current Population Survey
To reduce burden on higher income respondents the full Food Security Supplement in the Current Population Survey is not administered to households that (1) report incomes above 185 percent of the federal poverty line and (2) give no indication of food access problems on both of two preliminary screening questions. The preliminary screening questions are listed below:
1. People do different things when they are running out of money for food in order to make their food or their food money go further. In the last 12 months, since December of last year, did you ever run short of money and try to make your food or your food money go further?
2. Which of these statements best describes the food eaten in your household—enough of the kinds of food we want to eat, enough but not always the kinds of food we want to eat, sometimes not enough to eat, or often not enough to eat?
These households are deemed to be food secure and are not asked the questions in the Household Food Security Survey Module.
Household Food Security Survey Module Survey— One-Year Reference Period
Now I’m going to read you several statements that people have made about their food situation. For these statements, please tell me whether the statement was OFTEN true, SOMETIMES true, or NEVER true for your household in the last 12 months.
1. “We worried whether our food would run out before we got money to buy more.” Was that OFTEN, SOMETIMES, or NEVER true for you in the last 12 months?
2. “The food that we bought just didn’t last, and we didn’t have money to get more.” Was that OFTEN, SOMETIMES, or NEVER true for you in the last 12 months?
3. “We couldn’t afford to eat balanced meals.” Was that OFTEN, SOMETIMES, or NEVER true for you in the last 12 months?
4. In the last 12 months, did you or other adults in the household ever cut the size of your meals or skip meals, because there wasn’t enough money for food? (Yes/No)
5. (If yes to question 4) How often did this happen—almost every month, some months but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months?
6. In the last 12 months, did you ever eat less than you felt you should, because there wasn’t enough money for food? (Yes/No)
7. In the last 12 months, were you ever hungry, but didn’t eat, because there wasn’t enough money for food? (Yes/No)