Appendix A

Acronyms

3GPP

Third Generation Partnership Project

ABNT

Brazilian Association of Technical Norms

ABS

Academy of Broadcasting Science (China)

ADR

alternative dispute resolution

AML

anti-monopoly law

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AQSIQ

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine (China)

AVS

Audio Video Coding Working Group of China

BIS

Bureau of Indian Standards

CADE

Competition Administrative Court (Brazil)

CAS

China Association for Standardization

CATR

China Academy of Telecommunications Research

CCSA

China Communications Standards Association

CESA

China Electronics Standards Association

CESI

China Electronic Standardization Institute

CIPO

Chinese State Intellectual Property Office

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

CNIS

China National Institute of Standardization

CONMETRO

National Council of Metrology, Standardization, and Industrial Quality (Brazil)

COSTIND

Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (China)

DOJ

Department of Justice

DOSTI

Development Organization of Standards for Telecommunications in India

EPO

European Patent Office

ETSI

European Telecommunications Standards Institute

FRAND

fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

GISFI

Global ICT Standardization Forum for India



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Appendix A Acronyms 3GPP Third Generation Partnership Project ABNT Brazilian Association of Technical Norms ABS Academy of Broadcasting Science (China) ADR alternative dispute resolution AML anti-monopoly law ANSI American National Standards Institute AQSIQ General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine (China) AVS Audio Video Coding Working Group of China BIS Bureau of Indian Standards CADE Competition Administrative Court (Brazil) CAS China Association for Standardization CATR China Academy of Telecommunications Research CCSA China Communications Standards Association CESA China Electronics Standards Association CESI China Electronic Standardization Institute CIPO Chinese State Intellectual Property Office CJEU Court of Justice of the European Union CNIS China National Institute of Standardization CONMETRO National Council of Metrology, Standardization, and Industrial Quality (Brazil) COSTIND Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (China) DOJ Department of Justice DOSTI Development Organization of Standards for Telecommunications in India EPO European Patent Office ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute FRAND fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory FTC Federal Trade Commission GISFI Global ICT Standardization Forum for India 149

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150 Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy HDMI High Definition Multimedia Interface IEC International Electrotechnical Commission IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE-SA Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standards Association IETF Internet Engineering Task Force ICT information and communications technology INMETRO National Institute of Metrology, Standardization, Quality and Technology (Brazil) INPI Brazil Patent and Trademark Office, National Industrial Property Institute (Brazil) ISO International Organization for Standardization ITC International Trade Commission ITU International Telecommunications Union ITU-T International Telecommunications Standardizations Sector ISO International Organization for Standardization IPR intellectual property rights LITD Electronics and Information Technology Division Council (India) MIIT Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (China) MII Ministry of Information Industry (China) MOST Ministry of Science and Technology (China) MOU memorandum of understanding NCAC National Copyright Administration of China NDRC National Development and Reform Commission (China) NFC Nearfield Communications Forum NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NPL non-patent literature OASIS Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards RAND reasonable and non-discriminatory RF royalty free SAC Standards Administration of China SAIC State Administration for Industry and Commerce (China) SANBFT State Administration for Broadcasting, Film, and Television (China) SARFT State Administration for Radio, Film, and Television (China) SASTIND State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry (China) SCITO State Council Informatization Office (China) SDO standards development organization SEP standard-essential patent SGIP smart grid interoperability panel SIG special interest group

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Appendix A 151 SINMETRO National System of Metrology, Standardization, and Industrial Quality (Brazil) SIPO State Intellectual Property Office (China) SSO standard-setting organization STIC Scientific and Technical Information Center (U.S.) TBT Technical Barriers to Trade TEC Telecommunications Engineering Center (India) TRIPs Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights TSDSI Telecommunications Standards Development Society (India) USITO United States Information Technology Office USPTO United States Patent and Trademark Office VITA VMEBus International Trade Association WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization WTO World Trade Organization W3C World Wide Web Consortium

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