Alfred Spector is the vice president of research and special initiatives at Google, Inc. He was recently vice president of strategy and technology and CTO of IBM’s Software Business. Prior to that he was vice president of services and software at IBM Research. He was also founder and CEO of Transarc Corporation, a pioneer in distributed transaction processing and wide-area file systems, and was an associate professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University. While at CMU he did fundamental work in a number of areas, including the Andrew File System that changed the face of distributed computing. Spector received his Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford University and his A.B. in applied mathematics from Harvard University. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the IEEE and the ACM, and the recipient of the 2001 IEEE Computer Society’s Tsutomu Kanai Award for work in scalable architectures and distributed systems.

John H. Tilelli, Jr., is the chairman and chief executive officer of Cypress International, Inc. He is a retired United States Army four-star general who served as vice chief of staff of the United States Army from 1994 to 1995; commanding general, United States Army Forces Command from 1995 to 1996; and commander-in-chief, United Nations Command, Republic of Korea/United States Combined Forces/United States Forces Korea from 1996 to 1999. Tilelli retired from the army on January 31, 2000. He graduated from Pennsylvania Military College, now Widener University, with a degree in economics in 1963 and was commissioned as an armor officer. He earned a master’s degree in administration from Lehigh University in 1972 and graduated from the Army War College in 1983. He was awarded honorary doctoral degrees by Widener University and the University of Maryland. Tilelli served two combat tours in Vietnam, commanded the 1st Cavalry Division during Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm, and served four times in Germany. Upon his retirement from the United States Army Tilelli was appointed president and CEO of the USO Worldwide Operations.

Stephen J.A. Ward is professor and director of the George S. Turnbull Center of the University of Oregon in Portland. Previously he was director at the Center for Journalism Ethics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and before that he was director of the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. He is the author of the award-winning The Invention of Journalism Ethics: The Path to Objectivity and Beyond (2005). In addition, he is the author of Global Journalism Ethics (2010) and co-editor of Media Ethics Beyond Borders: A Global Perspective (2009). Ward is associate editor of the Journal of Mass Media Ethics. His articles and reviews have appeared in such journals as Journalism Studies; Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies; Harvard Inter-



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