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APPENDIX IV NOTE ON THE SPACE SCIENCE BOARD The Space Science Board was established in 1958 by the President of the National Academy of Sciences to provide a focus for the interests ,of American science in the problems, opportunities, and implications of man's advance into space. It is advisory to government agencies charged by Con- gress with executive responsibilities in the field of space activity. It serves as a voice for the scientific community in this field and attempts to find ways to further a wise and vigorous national scientific program in the space sciences. The Board also serves as the national means, through the Acad- emy, for cooperation with the international community as represented by the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) and specifically, the Council's Committee on Space Research (COSPAR). The membership of the Space Science Board presently consists of Harry H. Hess (Chairman), Luis W. Alvarez, Lloyd V. Berkner, Allan H. Brown, Loren D. Carlson, John W. Findlay, Herbert Friedman, William W. Kellogg, Gordon J. F. MacDonald, Nicholas U. Mayall, Courtland D. Perkins, Richard W. Porter, Bruno B. Rossi, Leonard 1. Schiff, John A. Simpson, James A. Van Allen, George P. Woollard, and Martin A. Pomer- antz (ex-officio); Hugh Odishaw (Executive Director), and George A. Derbyshire (Secretary). Past and present members of the Space Science Board and its com- mittees are: W. Ross Adey, University of California, Los Angeles Edward W. Allen, Federal Communications Commission Lawrence H. Aller, University of California, Los Angeles Luis W. Alvarez, University of California, Berkeley Kinsey Anderson, University of California, Berkeley 510

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Note on the Space Science Board 511 Gould Andrews, Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Research Kimball C. Atwood, University of Illinois H. J. aufm Kampe, U.S. Army Signal Research & Development Laboratory Horace W. Babcock, Mt. Wilson Observatory Nathaniel F. Barr, Atomic Energy Commission Charles C. Bates, Office of Naval Research George Benton, Johns Hopkins University Paul Berg, Stanford University Lloyd V. Berkner, Southwest Center for Advanced Studies Warren W. Berning, Army Ballistic Research Laboratories John Billingham, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center W. V. Blockley, Webb Associates, Inc. Lawrence Bogorad, University of Chicago George F. Bond, U.S. Naval Submarine Base, New London Henry G. Booker, Cornell University Sidney A. Bowhill, University of Illinois John H. Browe, New York State Department of Health Allan H. Brown, University of Pennsylvania Harrison S. Brown, California Institute of Technology Konrad J. K. Buettner, University of Washington Theodore H. Bullock, University of California, Los Angeles Elsworth R. Buskirk, National Institutes of Health Melvin Calvin, University of California, Berkeley Loren D. Carlson, University of Kentucky Joseph W. Chamberlain, Kitt Peak National Observatory C. O. Chichester, University of California, Davis Hans G. Clamann, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine Sydney P. Clark, Jr., Yale University Gerald M. Clemence, Yale University A. D. Code, Washburn Observatory Paul J. Coleman, Jr., University of California, Los Angeles Gerald F. Combs, University of Maryland Julius H. Comroe, University of California, San Francisco Robert A. Conard, Brookhaven National Laboratory E. M. Cortright, NASA Andre F. Cournand, Bellevue Hospital Harmon Craig, University of California, San Diego James" F. Crow, University of Wisconsin Howard J. Curtis, Brookhaven National Laboratory William J. Darby, Vanderbilt University Richard Davies, Jet Propulsion Laboratory L. F. Dietlein, Manned Spacecraft Center, NASA Thomas M. Donahue, University of Pittsburgh

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512 APPENDIX IV Earl G. Droessler, National Science Foundation *Hugh L. Dryden, NASA A. B. DuBois, University of Pennsylvania Richard V. Ebert, University of Arkansas Mac Edds, Jr., Brown University W. W. Elam, Office of Naval Research John V. Evans, MIT Lincoln Laboratory John W. Evans, Jr., Sacramento Peak Observatory L. E. Farr, Brookhaven National Laboratory Wallace O. Fenn, University of Rochester John W. Findlay, National Radio Astronomy Observatory William A. Fleming, NASA Gilbert H. Fletcher, University of Texas Robert D. Fletcher, Air Weather Service Elizabeth F. Focht, Cornell Medical Center Robert E. Forster, University of Pennsylvania Leo Fox, NASA Thomas Francis, University of Michigan Herbert Friedman, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory Sigmund Fritz, U.S. Weather Bureau Arnold W. Frutkin, NASA Robert Galambos, Yale University Roger Gallet, National Bureau of Standards Thomas Gold, Cornell University Leo Goldberg, Harvard College Observatory W. I. Goldburg, Pennsylvania State University Nicholas E. Golovin, President's Science Advisory Committee Solon A. Gordon, Argonne National Laboratory Douglas Grahn, Argonne National Laboratory Ashton Graybiel, U.S. Naval Aviation Medical Center Stanley M. Greenfield, The Rand Corporation E. Peter Geiduscheck, University of Chicago Frederick T. Haddock, University of Michigan Franz Halberg, University of Minnesota Albert C. Hall, Directorate of Defense Research & Engineering H. O. Halvorson, University of Illinois James D. Hardy, John B. Pierce Foundation H. Keffer Hartline, The Rockefeller Institute Hollis D. Hedberg, Princeton University D. M. Hegsted, Harvard University G. L. Hekhuis, Defense Atomic Support Agency Carl G. Heller, Pacific Northwest Research Foundation * Deceased.

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Note on the Space Science Board 513 J. H. Heller, New England Institute for Medical Research James Henry, University of Southern California G. H. Herbig, Lick Observatory Charles M. Herzfeld, DOD Advanced Research Projects Agency Harry H. Hess, Princeton University Rufus R. Hessberg, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center A. R. Hibbs, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Samuel P. Hicks, University of Michigan Raymond Hide, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Donald F. Hornig, President's Director of Science & Technology Norman Horowitz, California Institute of Technology Franklin Hutchinson, Yale University Mark Inghram, University of Chicago Robert Jastrow, Goddard Institute for Space Studies John C. Jamieson, University of Chicago William A. Jenson, University of California, Berkeley R. K. C. Johns, Space Technology Laboratory David S. Johnson, U.S. Weather Bureau Leslie M. Jones, University of Michigan William M. Kaula, University of California, Los Angeles Geoffrey Keller, National Science Foundation J. W. Keller, NASA William W. Kellogg, National Center for Atmospheric Research R. Kilkson, Yale University Eugene B. Konecci, National Aeronautics Space Council Zdenek Kopal, University of Manchester (UK) William Kraushaar, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gunnar Kullerud, Geophysical Laboratory Vincent E. Lally, National Center for Atmospheric Research Christian J. Lambertsen, University of Pennsylvania Wright H. Langham, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory D. A. Lautman, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Richard Lawton, General Electric Company Joshua Lederberg, Stanford University George V. LeRoy, University of Chicago GiIbert Leveille, Fitzsimons General Hospital William Liller, Harvard College Observatory Donald L. Lindsley, Oak Ridge National Laboratory C. Gordon Little, National Bureau of Standards Robert Livingston, National Institutes of Health *W. Randolph Lovelace II, Lovelace Foundation Salvador E. Luria, Massachusetts Institute of Technology * Deceased.

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514 APPENDIX IV C. C. Lushbaugh, Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies Gordon J. F. MacDonald, University of California, Los Angeles E. F. MacNichol, Johns Hopkins University Laurence A. Manning, Stanford University William Markowitz, U.S. Naval Observatory A. G. Marr, University of California, Davis John E. Masterson, Pacific Missile Range Nicholas U. Mayall, Kit Peak National Observatory Daniel Mazia, University of California, Berkeley G. M. McDonnel, University of Californa, Los Angeles Carl E. Mcllwain, University of California, San Diego J. E. McKee, California Institute of Technology E. J. McLaughlin, NASA George R. Merriam, Jr., Institute of Ophthalmology Charles Metz, Florida State University David Minard, National Naval Medical Center Philip Morrison, Cornell University Emil M. Mrak, University of California, Davis Gerard F. W. Mulders, National Science Foundation Bruce C. Murray, California Institute of Technology Jack Myers, University of Texas Norton Nelson, New York University Medical Center W. F. Neuman, University of Rochester Homer E. Newell, NASA E. P. Ney, University of Minnesota James J. Nickson, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Center Aaron Novick, University of Oregon W. A. Noyes, Jr., University of Texas W. J. O'Sullivan, NASA Langley Research Center Nello Pace, University of California, Berkeley Robert F. Packard, Department of State Eugene M. Parker, University of Chicago Courtland D. Perkins, Princeton University Gordon H. Pettengill, Arecibo Ionospheric Laboratory Norman Phillips, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Robert A. Phinney, Princeton University John E. Pickering, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine Colin S. Pittendrigh, Princeton University E. C. Pollard, Pennsylvania State University Martin A. Pomerantz, Bartol Research Foundation Richard W. Porter, General Electric Company Frank Press, California Institute of Technology

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Note on the Space Science Board 515 C. Ladd Prosser, University of Illinois Hermann Rahn, State University of New York, Buffalo Arthur Reetz, NASA John H. Reynolds, University of California, Berkeley Donald A. Rice, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey Dickinson W. Richards, Columbia University Richard L. Riley, Johns Hopkins Hospital Walter Orr Roberts, National Center for Atmospheric Research Howard P. Robertson, California Institute of Technology Randal M. Robertson, National Science Foundation Bruno B. Rossi, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Edmund C. Rowan, National Academy of Sciences Carl Sagan, Harvard University and Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Hermann J. Schaefer, U.S. Naval School of Aviation Medicine Karl E. Schaefer, U.S. Naval Submarine Base, New London L. I. Schiff, Stanford University Hellmut Schmid, Aberdeen Ballistics Research Laboratory Otto H. Schmitt, University of Minnesota John H. Schulte, Department of Navy G. K. Schwan, University of Pennsylvania Martin Schwarzschild, Princeton Observatory N. S. Scrimshaw, Massachusetts Institute of Technology John W. Senders, Bolt, Beranek & Newman, Inc. Alan H. Shapley, National Bureau of Standards Eugene M. Shoemaker, U.S. Geological Survey John A. Simpson, University of Chicago William M. Sinton, Lowell Observatory George Smith, Manned Spacecraft Center Lawrence B. Smith, Sandia Corporation James Snodgrass, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Charles A. Sondhaus, University of California, Berkeley Lyman Spitzer, Princeton Observatory Leo Steg, General Electric Company C. G. Stergis, Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories John K. Sterrett, North American Air Defense Command S. S. Stevens, Harvard University G. K. Strother, Pennsylvania State University Ernst Stuhlinger, Marshall Space Flight Center Otto Struve, National Radio Astronomy Observatory (deceased) Verner E. Suomi, University of Wisconsin Herman D. Suit, University of Texas George H. Sutton, Lamont Geological Observatory Edward L. Tatum, Rockefeller Institute

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516 APPENDIX IV Kenneth Thimann, Harvard University John Thomson, Argonne National Laboratory C. A. Tobias, University of California, Berkeley Irwin M. Tobin, President's Science Advisory Committee Paul C. Tompkins, Federal Radiation Council John W. Townsend, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center John Torrey, Harvard University Harold C. Urey, University of California, San Diego James A. Van Allen, University of Iowa C. B. van Niel, Stanford University G. de Vaucouleurs, University of Texas James H. Veghte, Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory E. H. Vestine, The Rand Corporation O. G. Villard, Stanford University Wolf Vishniac, University of Rochester William S. von Arx, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Frank Voris, Office of Naval Research Shields Warren, New England Deaconess Hospital G. J. Wasserburg, California Institute of Technology Arthur H. Waynick, Pennsylvania State University Harold F. Weaver, University of California, Berkeley James E. Webb, NASA Willis L. Webb, U.S. Army White Sands Missile Range AIbert Weinstein, Directorate of Defense Research & Engineering Billy E. Welch, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine Frits Went, Missouri Botanical Garden •Harry Wexler, U.S. Weather Bureau Fred L. Whipple, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Charles Whitten, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey William K. Widger, Jr., NASA Karl WiIbur, Duke University R. H. Wilhelm, Princeton University John Winckler, University of Minnesota Sheldon Wolff, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Earl H. Wood, Mayo Clinic John A. Wood, University of Chicago George P. Woollard, University of Hawaii Herbert F. York, University of California, San Diego * Deceased.

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QB 54 .P58 1966 c.l Pitte?ndrigh, Colin S. Biology and the exploration of Mars r. ..

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