reasoning and that it does not matter as much what the topics or exemplars are in the curriculum. She stressed that what is important is that the students remember how to reason about issues associated with the work they are doing and the persons they work with, how to conceptualize their problems, and how to make tough judgment calls. Stephanie Bird made the point that the people with the best understanding of research ethics are those that regularly or frequently consider the implications of their work on both the small and large scale, and that this phenomenon reinforces the importance of using case studies as a way to develop reasoning skills because they allow students to practice considering the implications of actions.
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Practical Guidance on Science and Engineering Ethics Education for Instructors and Administrators: Papers and Summary from a Workshop December 12, 2012 . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.