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67 ANNEX C BACKGROUND BRIEFINGS (This Annex is a listing of the background briefings presented during the first week of Project WALRUS.) Government "Present State of the U. Marine" S. Merchant The Honorable Clarence G. Morse, Maritime Administrator "The Role of the Merchant Marine in National Security" "Role of the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization in Merchant Marine Plan- ning and Mobilization" "Major Programs in the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization in Merchant Marine Planning and Mobilization" "The Possible Impact of Nuclear Attack on the U. S. Transportation System and Related Resources" Mr. George Weber, Staff Officer, National Security Council Mr. Vincent P. Rock, Deputy Director for Program and Policy, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Mr. Owen R. Jones, Deputy Assistant Director for Transportation, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization Mr. H. Burke Horton, Director, Operations Research Office, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization "The Role of the Merchant Marine in Support of Foreign Policy" "Economic Capabilities of the Sino-Soviet Bloc Merchant Marine 1960-1975" Mr. H. Gardner Ainsworth, Deputy Director, Office of Transport and Communications, Department of State Central Intelligence Agency Military "Military Sea Transportation Service Responsibilities and Capabilities for Sea Transportation in Wartime" "Naval Control of Shipping" "The Effects of Nuclear Weapons on the U. S. Merchant Marine in a Future War" "Surface-to-Air Missiles as Armament on Merchant Ships" Commander C. D. Davol, Jr. , USN, Plans and Policy, Military Sea Transportation Service Captain F. C. Snow, USN, Head, Shipping Control Branch, Fleet Operations Division, OPNAV, Department of the Navy Commander P. H. Shropshire, Jr. , USN, Head, Weapons Employment Branch, Atomic Energy Division, OPNAV, Department of the Navy Lieutenant Commander D. Wadsworth, USN, Guided Missiles Division, OPNAV, Department of the Navy

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68 'The Soviet Naval Threat Against the Overseas Transport Systems" "Naval Countermeasures to the Threat Against the Overseas Transport System" "Design Criteria for National Defense Features of Merchant Ships" "Military Sea Transportation Service and the Merchant Marine in the Amphibious Picture" "Mission and Organization of the U. S. Marine Corps" "Modern Doctrine of Amphibious Assault" "Participation of Marine Corps Under Various War Conditions" "Marine Corps Amphibious Lift Require- ments" "Possible Requirements for U. S. Merchant Marine" "Desired Characteristics of Future Merchant Ships" U. S. Army Presentation U. S. Air Force Presentation Lieutenant Commander H. L. Garren, Jr. , USN, Office of Naval Intelligence, OPNAV, Department of the Navy Captain R. M. Pitts, USN, Assistant Director, Undersea Warfare Division, OPNAV, Department of the Navy Captain J. J. Stilwell, USN, Ship Design Division, Bureau of Ships, Department of the Navy Commander J. G. Drew, USN, Surface Warfare Division, OPNAV, Department of the Navy Lieutenant Colonel J. Kisgen, USMC, Operations and Training Branch, G-3, Marine Corps Headquarters Lieutenant Colonel Rufus B. Thompson, Jr. , USMC, Logistics Operations Officer, Plans and Operations Branch, G-4, Marine Corps Headquarters Lieutenant Colonel P. H. Hahn, USMC, Development Branch, G-4, Marine Corps Headquarters Colonel Robert A. Cliffe, USA, Commanding Officer, Combat Develop- ment Group, U. S. Army Transportation Corps Mr. B. F. Ryan, Assistant for Materiels Handling, Equipment and Facilities Division, Department of the Air Force Major J. J. Cameron, USAF, Equipment and Facilities Division, Department of the Air Force "Recent Operations Evaluation Group Work Concerned with Convoys and Merchant Ships" "Vehicles for Overseas Transportation" Dr. James R. Larkin, Senior Operations Analyst, Operations Evaluation Group, Department of the Navy Professor Edward V. Lewis, Head, Ship Division, Davidson Laboratory, Stevens Institute of Technology

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69 "Advanced Design at Electric Boat" "The Non-Military Use of the Merchant Marine" "Special Cargo Ship for Military Use" Mr. R. D. Briggs, Mr. J. V. Harrington, Mr. M. Weiser, Electric Boat Div. of General Dynamics Corp. Dr. Allen R. Ferguson, Director of Research, The Transportation Center, Northwestern University Lieutenant Colonel J. F. Wright, Jr. , USA, U. S. Army Transportation Research and Engineering Command Major Geoffrey E. Childs, British Army, U. S. Army Transportation Research and Engineering Command

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The National Academy of Sciences—National Research Council is a private, nonprofit organization of scientists, dedicated to the furtherance of science and to its use for the general welfare. The Academy itself was established in 1863 under a Congressional charter signed by President Lincoln. Empowered to provide for all activities appropriate to academies of science, it was also required by its charter to act as an adviser to the Federal Government in scientific matters. This provision accounts for the close ties that have always existed between the Academy and the Government, although the Academy is not a government agency. The National Research Council was established by the Academy in 1916, at the request of President Wilson, to enable scientists generally to associate their efforts with those of the limited membership of the Academy in service to the nation, to society, and to science at home and abroad. Members of the National Research Council receive their appointments from the President of the Academy. They include representatives nominated by the major scientific and technical societies, representatives of the Federal Government, and a number of members at large. In addition, several thousand scientists and engineers take part in the activities of the Research Council through membership on its various boards and committees. Receiving funds from both public and private sources, by contribution, grant, or contract, the Academy and its Research Council thus work to stimulate research and its applications, to survey the broad possibilities of science, to promote effective utilization of the scientific and technical resources of the country, to serve the Government, and to further the general interests of science. The Maritime Research Advisory Committee is under the joint administrative spon- sorship of the Divisions of Engineering and Industrial Research and of Physical Sciences of the Academy—Research Council. The Committee was formed in 1958 at the request of the Maritime Administration of the Department of Commerce. The purposes of the Committee are to determine the most profitable short and long range research objectives of the Maritime Administration, to translate these objectives into specific suggestions for research and development indicating relative importance and priorities, and to de- lineate methods by which the research and development indicated can be effectively carried out.