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Additional Readings List by Topic Urban Government General Works Case Studies Proposals for Structural Reform Basic Data Metropolitan Politics Federalism Neighborhood Government—Community Control Urban Sociology General Works Community and Neighborhood Residential Satisfaction Groups and Integration The Suburbs Miscellaneous Urban Economics General Works Municipal Expenditures Employment Land Values and Property Tax Location, Agglomeration, Development ADDITIONAL READING LIST 147

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Urban Planning Urban Demography Urban History Urban Problems Housing Transportation Race Crime and Violence Physical and Mental Health Effects on Rural Areas Education 148 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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URBAN GOVERNMENT General Works Adrian, C. Recent concepts in large city administration. In E. C. Banfield (Ed.), Urban government, rev. ed. pp. 512-524. New York: The Free Press, 1969. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Govern- mental structure, organization and planning in metropolitan areas. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1961. Banfield, E. C. The unheavenly city. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1970. Blumenfeld, H. The modern metropolis: Its origins, growth, charac- teristics and planning. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1967. Bogue, D. J. The structure of the metropolitan community: A study of dominance and subdominance. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, School of Graduate Studies, 1950. Bollens, J. C. The states and the metropolitan problem. Chicago: Council of State Governments, 1956. Bollens, J. C. (Ed.) Exploring the metropolitan community. Ber- keley: University of California Press, 1961. , & Schmandt, H. J. The metropolis: Its people, politics, and economic life. 2nd ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1970. Gulick, L. The metropolitan problem and American ideas. New York: Knopf, 1962. Hertz, D., & Walinsky, A. Organizing the city: What cities do is what cities think. In L. C. Fitch & A. H. Walsh (Eds.), Agenda for a city: Issues confronting New York. pp. 451-501. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1970. Jones, V. Metropolitan government. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1942. Martin, R. C. Metropolis in transition. Washington, D.C.: Housing and Home Finance Agency, 1963. Moynihan, D. P. Toward a national urban policy. New York: Basic Books, 1970. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 149

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Shalala, D. E. The city and the constitution. New York: National Municipal League, 1972. Smith, L. R., & Hague, D. C. The dilemma of accountability in modern government. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1970. Studentski, P. The government of metropolitan areas in the United States. New York: National Municipal League, 1930. Vernon, R. The myth and reality of our urban problems. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964. Wood, R. C. Metropolis against itself. New York: Committee for Economic Development, 1959. Case Studies of Urban Government Baldinger, S. Planning and governing the metropolis: The Twin Cities experience. New York: Praeger, 1971. Birkhead, G. S., Campbell, A. K., & Weissman, M. Massachusetts substate government. Mimeographed. Occasional Paper No. 7, Metropolitan Studies Program. Syracuse: Syracuse University, 1972. Derthick, M. Defeat at Fort Lincoln. The Public Interest. Summer 1970, 20: 3-39. Fischer, J. The Minnesota experiment: How to make a big city fit to live in. Harper's Magazine, April 1969, 238: 12-32. Foley, D. L. Governing the London Region. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972. Greater London Group. The lessons of the London government reforms. London: HMSO, 1968. Herbers, J. Minneapolis area council is emerging as a pioneer in strong regional government. The New York Times, February 2, 1971. Institute for Local Self Government. ABAG Appraised. Berkeley: ILSG, December 1965. Kaplan, H. Urban political systems: A functional analysis of Metro Toronto. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967. Rhodes, G. The government of London: The struggle for reform. London: London School of Economics, 1970. 150 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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Ruck, S. K., & Rhodes, G. The government of Greater London. London: Allen & Unwin, 1970. San Francisco Bureau of Governmental Research. The Association of Bay Area Governments: A gathering force. San Francisco: BGR, April 1, 1965. Sayre, W. S., & Kaufman, H. Governing New York City. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1960. Smallwood, F. Greater London. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965. Texas Urban Development Commission. Urban Texas: Policies for the future. Arlington, Texas: UDC, November 1971. Wood, R. C., & Almendinger, V. V. 1400 governments: The political economy of the New York metropolitan region. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961. Zimmerman, J. F. Governing metropolitan Boston. Boston: Metro- politan Area Planning Council, November 1972. Proposals for Structural Reform Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Factors affecting voter reaction in governmental reorganization in met- ropolitan areas. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1962. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. For a more perfect union—County reform. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govern- ment Printing Office, April 1971. California Council on Intergovernmental Relations. Allocations of public service responsibilities in California. Sacramento: CCIR, June 1970. Campbell, A. K. The fiscal setting for reforming government structure in New York City. In State Study Commission for New York City, The neighborhoods, the city, and the region: Working papers on jurisdiction and structure. New York: State Study Commission for New York City, January 1973. Committee for Economic Development. Modernizing local govern- ment. New York: CED, 1966. Committee for Economic Development. Reshaping government in metropolitan areas. New York: CED, 1970. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 151

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Costikyan, E. A proposed new structure of city government. State Study Commission for New York City Working Paper. Mimeo- graphed. New York: State Study Commission for New York City, 1972. , & Lehman, M. Restructuring the government of New York City: Report of the Scott Commission Task Force on Jurisdiction and Structure. New York: Praeger, 1972. Council of State Governments. Sub-state district systems. RM-468. Lexington: CSG, September 1971. Hanson, R. Metropolitan councils of government. Washington, D.C.: Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Au- gust 1966. Harris, W. Regional COG's and the central city. Detroit: The Metro- politan Fund, 1970. Hawley, A. H., & Zimmer, 8. G. Resistances to unification in a metropolitan community. In M. Janowitz (Ed.), Community polit- ical systems, pp. 146-184. Glencoe: The Free Press, 1961. Jones, V. New local strategies. National Civic Review March 1970, 59: 127-134. League of Women Voters Education Fund. Shaping the metropolis. Washington, D.C.: 1972. Marando, V. L. Inter-local cooperation in a metropolitan area: De- troit. Urban Affairs Quarterly, December 1968, 4: 185-200. . Metropolitan research and councils of government. Mid- west Review of Public Administration, February 1971, 5 (1): 3-15. -. Local government reorganization: An overview. Washing- ton, D.C.: National Academy of Public Administration, 1973. Mogulof, M. B. Governing metropolitan areas: A critical review of councils of government and the federal role. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1971. . Metropolitan councils of government and the federal gov- ernment. Urban Affairs Quarterly, June 1972, 7: 489-507. -. Five metropolitan governments: An exploratory compari- son. Paper No. 713-27. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1972. 152 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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. A modest proposal for the governance ofAmerica's metro- politan areas. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1973. New Jersey County and Municipal Government Study Commission. loint services—A local response to areawide problems. Trenton: CMGSC, 1970. Sengstock, F. S. Annexation: A solution to the metropolitan area problem. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Law School, 1960. State Study Commission on New York City. Restructuring the govern- ment of New York City. Report of the Task Force on Jurisdiction and Structure. New York: State Study Commission, March 15, 1972. Zimmerman, J. F. Metropolitan ecumenism: The road to the prom- ised land? lournal of Urban Law, Spring 1967, 44: 433-457. . Metropolitan reform in the U.S.: An overview. Public Ad- ministration Review, September/October 1970, 30: 531-543. -. Mergers reviewed for local units. National Civic Review, September 1972, 61: 417-419. Meeting service needs through intergovernmental agree- ments. In International City Management Association, Municipal yearbook, 1973. Vol. 40. pp. 79-88. Washington, D.C.: ICMA, 1973. Procedural adaptation: Intergovernmental service agree- ments. In Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Substate regionalism and the federal system. Vol. 1. Washing- ton, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973 (forthcoming). Basic Data Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Profile of county government. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Print- ing Office, January 1972. International City Management Association. Municipal yearbook, 1972. Vol. 39. Chicago: ICMA, 1972. Jorgensen, C. W. Survey of functions at county level: Fall 1972. Albany: County Officers Association of the State of New York, 1972. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 153

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U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of Governments: 1962. Vol. 5: Local governments in metropolitan areas. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1963. U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of Governments: 1967. Vol. 5: Local governments in metropolitan areas. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, Nov. 1969. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Met- ropolitan Area income in 1970. Survey of Current Business, May 1972, 52, Part 1. Zimmerman,). F. (Ed.) Metropolitan charters. Albany: State Univer- sity of New York, Graduate School of Public Affairs, 1967. Metropolitan Politics Alford, R. R., & Lee, E. C. Voting turnout in American cities. Ameri- can Political Science Review, September 1968, 62: 796-813. Boone, R. W. Reflections on citizen participation and the Economic Opportunity Act. Public Administration Review, September 1972, 32: 444-456. Bornfriend, A. J. Political parties and pressure groups. In R. H. Con- nery & D. Caraley (Eds.), Governing the city. pp. 55-67. New York: Praeger, 1969. Canty, D. Metropolity. City, March-April 1972, 6 (2): 29-44. Dahl, R. A. The city in the future of democracy. American Political Science Review, December 1967, 61: 953-970. Danielson, M. N. Differentiation, segregation, and political fragmen- tation in the American metropolis. Paper prepared for the U.S. Commission on Population Growth and the American Future, 1971. Downs, A. J. An economic theory of democracy. New York: Harper & Row, 1957. Ennis, P. H. The contextual dimension in voting. In W. M. McPhee & W. A. Glaser (Eds.), Public opinion and congressional elec- tions, pp. 180-211. New York: Free Press, 1962. Morton, R. D. Municipal labor relations: The New York City experi- ence. Social Science Quarterly, Winter 1971, 52 (3): 680-696. 154 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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Kaufman, H. Bureaucrats and organized civil servants. In R. H. Con- nery & D. Caraley (Ed.), Governing the city. pp. 41-54. New York: Praeger, 1969. Long, N. E. The local community as an ecology of games. American Journal of Sociology, Nov. 1958, 64: 251-261. Lowi, T. Gosnell's Chicago revisited via Lindsay's New York. In H. F. Gosnell (Ed.), Machine politics. 2nd ed. pp. v-xxiv. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968. . The end of liberalism. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1969. Meltsner, A. J. Local revenue: A political problem. In J. P. Crecine (Ed.), Financing the metropolis, pp. 103-135. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1970. , & Wildavsky, A. Leave city budgeting alone: A survey, case study, and recommendations for reform. In J. P. Crecine (Ed.), Financing the metropolis, pp. 311-358. Beverly Hills: Sage Pub- lications, 1970. Nie, N. H., Powell, G. B., & Prewitt, K. Social structure and political participation: Developmental relationships, Parts 1 and 2. Ameri- can Political Science Review, 63, June 1969, pp. 361-378; Sep- tember 1969, pp. 800-832. Sayre, W. S. The mayor. In L. C. Fitch & A. H. Walsh (Eds.), Agenda for a city: Issues confronting New York. pp. 563-601. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1970. Schulze, R. O. The bifurcation of power in a satellite city. In M. Janowitz (Ed.), Community political systems, pp. 19-80. Glen- coe: The Free Press, 1961. Stanley, D. T. Professional personnel for the city of New York. Report of the study of Professional, Technical and Managerial Manpower Needs of the City of New York. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1963. Wood, R. C. Suburbia: Its people and their politics. Boston: Hough- ton, Mifflin Co., 1958. Wood, R. C. Contributions of political science to urban life and form. In W. Z. Hirsch (Ed.), Urban life and form. pp. 99-127. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1963. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 155

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Federalism Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations. Urban Amer- ica and the federal system. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969. Campbell, A. K. (Ed.) The states and the urban crisis. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1970. Committee for Economic Development. Modernizing state govern- ments. New York: CED, 1967. Herzberg, D., & Rosenthal, A. (Eds.) Strengthening the states: Essays on legislative reform. New York: Doubleday, 1972. LeMay, M. C. The states and urban areas: A comparative assessment. National Civic Review, December 1972, 61 (11): 542-548. Maass, A. (Ed.). Area and power. New York: The Free Press, 1959. Martin, R. C. The cities and the federal system. Chicago: Atherton Press, 1965. Sharkansky, I. The maligned states. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972. Sundquist, J. P., & Davis, D. Making federalism work. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1969. Wagner, R. E. The fiscal organization of American federalism. Chicago: Markham, 1971. Neighborhood Government—Community Control Alinsky, S. Reveille for radicals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946. Altshuler, A. Community control: The black demand for participa- tion in large American cities. New York: Pegasus, 1970. Biddle, W. W., & Biddle, L. J. The community development process: The rediscovery of local initiative. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1965. Dahir, J. The neighborhood unit plan. New York: Russell Sage Foun- dation, 1947. Danzig, R., & Heineman, B., Jr. Decentralization in New York City: A proposal. Harvard Journal on Legislation, March 1971, 8: 407-453. 156 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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Foley, D. L. Urban neighborhood facilities: A study of a residential district in northwest St. Louis. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Washington University, Department of Sociology and An- thropology, 1948. Frarr, W. G., Jr., Lieberman, L., & Wood, J. S. Decentralizing city government: A practical study of a radical proposal for New York City. New York: Praeger, 1972. Gifford, K. D. Neighborhood development corporations: The Bed- ford Stuyvesant experiment. In L. C. Fitch & A. H. Walsh (Eds.), Agenda fora city. pp. 421-450. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1970. Hailman, H. Neighborhood control of public programs. New York: Praeger, 1970. Hess, K. Why neighborhoods must secede. New York Times, Janu- ary 31, 1972. Kotler, M. Neighborhood government: The local foundations of political life. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1969. Liebman, L. Metropolitanism and decentralization. In L. Wingo (Ed.), Reform of metropolitan governments, pp. 43-56. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, 1972. March, M. S. The neighborhood center concept. Public Welfare, April 1968, 26: 97-111. Moynihan, D. P. Maximum feasible misunderstanding. New York: The Free Press, 1969. O'Donnell, E. J. The neighborhood service center. Welfare in Re- view, November-December 1969, 6: 1-11. Office of the Mayor, New York City. Program for command decen- tralization and integration of services in selected New York City neighborhoods. Mimeographed. New York: Office of the Mayor, December 1971. Public Administration Review. Special Issue on Citizen Action in Model Cities and CAP Programs: Case Studies and Evaluation. September 1972, 32. Rothenberg, J. Local decentralization and the theory of optimal gov- ernment. In J. Margolis (Ed.), The analysis of public output, pp. 31-59. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 157

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Fales, R. L, & Moses, L. N. Thunen, Weber and the spatial structure of the nineteenth century city. Mimeographed. Evanston: North- western University, Department of Economics, 1971. Glaab, C. N., & Brown, A. T. A history of urban America. New York: Macmillan, 1967. Goheen, P. G. Victorian Toronto: 1850 to 1900. Research Paper No. 127. Chicago: University of Chicago, Department of Geogra- phy, 1970. Handlin, O., & Burchard, J. (Eds.) The historian and the city. Cam- bridge: MIT Press, 1963. Handlin, O. Boston's immigrants. Rev. ed. New York: Atheneum, 1969. Howe, I. The city in literature. Commentary, May 1971, 51: 61-68. Hoyt, H. One Hundred years of land values in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1933. . Structure and growth of residential neighborhoods. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1939. Johnson, D. The search for an urban discipline: Police reform as a response to crime in American cities: 1800-1875. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Chicago, Department of His- tory, 1972. Kellett, J. P. The impact of railways on Victorian cities. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969. Schorske, C. E. The idea of the city in European thought: Voltaire to Spengler. In O. H. Handlin &J. Burchard (Eds.), The historian and the city. pp. 95-115. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1963. Sjoberg, G. The preindustrial city. New York: Free Press, 1960. Smith, P. As a city upon a hill: The town in American history. New York: Knopf, 1968. Thompson, W. S. The growth of metropolitan districts in the United States: 1900-1940. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1947. Warner, S. B. Streetcar suburbs: The process of growth in Boston, 1'870-1900. New York: Atheneum, 1969. White, M., & White, L. The intellectual versus the city. New York: Mentor, 1962. 180 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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Zuckerman, M. Peaceable kingdoms: New England towns in the eighteenth century. New York: Knopf, 1970. URBAN PROBLEMS Housing Fried, M. Grieving for a lost home. In J. Q. Wilson (Ed.), Urban renewal: The record and the controversy, pp. 359-379. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1967. Greer, S. Urban renewal and American cities. Indianapolis: Bobbs- Merrill, 1965. Grigsby, W. Housing markets and public policy. Philadelphia: Uni- versity of Pennsylvania, Institute of Urban Studies, 1962. Hollingshead, A. B., & Rogler, L. Attitudes towards public housing in Puerto Rico. In L. Duhl (Ed.), The urban condition. New York: Basic Books, 1963. Kain, J. F., & Quigley, J. M. Measuring the quality and cost of housing services. Discussion Paper No. 54. Cambridge: Harvard Univer- sity, Program on Regional and Urban Economics, July 1969. Lowry, I. S. Housing assistance for low-income families: A fresh approach. P-4645. New York City: Rand Institute, 1971. Metcalf, J. Satisfaction and housing standards. An Internal Note of the Building Research Situation, Urban Planning Division, Gar- ston, Watford, Herts, England, 1967. Mitchell, R. E. Some social implications of high density housing. American Sociological Review, February 1971, 36: 18-29. Muth, R. Cities and housing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969. National Urban League & Center for Community Change. Nation- al survey of housing abandonment. New York: NUL & CCC, 1971. Perry, C. Housing for the Machine Age. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1939. Rothenberg, J. Economic evaluation of urban renewal. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1967. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 181

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. An econometric simulation model of the metropolitan hous- ing market for public policy evaluation. Report to the National Urban Coalition. Washington, D.C.: NUC, 1971. Sternlieb, G. Abandonment: Urban housing phenomenon. Chal- lenge (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development), May 1972, 3 (5): 12-14. (U.S.) President's Committee on Urban Housing. A decent home. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968. Transportation Foley, D. L, & Redwood, J., III. Auto nonavailability as a component of transportation disadvantage: A pre-BART review of the Bay Area situation and the national context. Working Paper No. 168/BART5. Berkeley: University of California, Institute of Urban and Regional Development, March 1972. Gurin, D. The pysical mobility of the poor: An introductory over- view. M.C.P. thesis, Harvard University, Department of City and Regional Planning, 1969. Also reproduced and available from Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service, 1969. McMilland, K., & Assael, H. National survey of transportation atti- tudes and behavior, Phase II: Analysis report. National Cooper- ative Highway Research Program Report 49. Washington, D.C.: Highway Research Board, 1969. Meyer, J. F., Kain, J. F., & Wohl, M. The urban transportation problem. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965. Mohring, H. Urban highway Investments. In R. Dorfman (Ed.), Mea- suring benefits of government investments. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1965. Myers, S. Personal transportation for the poor. Traffic Quarterly, April 1970, 24: 191-206. Oakland City Planning Department. Getting to work from West Oakland. Oakland: January 1970. Owen, W. The accessible city. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1972. Salpukas, A. Reverse commuters increasing; New York Times, De- cember 2, 1972. 182 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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Vickrey, W. S. Pricing in urban and suburban transport. American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, May 1963, 53 (2): 452-465. Walters, A. A. The theory and measurement of private and social costs of highway congestion. Econometrica, October 1961, 29: 676-699. Webber, M. M. On strategies for transport planning. In Organiza- tion for Economic Cooperation and Development, The urban transportation planning process, pp. 129-149. Paris: OECD, 1971. Wingo, L, Jr. Transportation and urban land. Baltimore: Johns Hop- kins University Press, Resources for the Future, Inc., 1961. Race Bradburn, N., Sudman, S., & Glockel, G. Side by side. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1971. Campbell, A. White attitudes toward black people. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, 1971. Ellis, W. W. White ethics and black power. Chicago: Aldine Press, 1969. Hyman, H. H., & Sheatsley, P. B. Attitudes toward desegregation. Scientific American, December 1956, 195: 35-39. Joint Center for Political Studies. Public Policy Series. The black community and revenue sharing. Washington, D.C.: January 1973. Laurent!, L. Property values and race. Berkeley: University of Cali- fornia Press, 1960. Marshall, D. R. Metropolitan government: Views of minorities. In L. Wingo (Ed.), The governance of metropolitan regions: Minority perspectives, pp. 9-30. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, Inc., 1972. Piven, F. F., & Cloward, R. Black control of cities: Heading it off by metropolitan government. New Republic, September 30, 1967, 157 (14): 19-21. . Black control of cities: How the Negroes will lose. New Republic, October 7, 1967, 157 (15): 15-19. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 183

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Rainwater, L, & Yancey, W. The Moynihan Report and the politics of controversy. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1967. Schultze, C. L., Fried, E., Rivlin, A., & Teeters, N. Setting national priorities: The 1973 Budget. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1972. Schuman, A., & Gruenberg, B. The impact of city on racial attitudes. American lournal of Sociology, September 1970, 76: 213-262. Taeuber, K., & Taeuber, A. F. The changing character of Negro migration. American lournal of Sociology, January 1965, 70: 421-441. U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports. Characteris- tics of the low-income population, 1970. Series P-60, No. 81. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971. . U.S. Census of Population: 1970. Negro population in se- lected places and selected counties. Supplemental Report, Series PC(S1)-2. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, June 1971. Wetzel, J. R., & Holland, S. S. Poverty areas of our major cities. Monthly Labor Review, October 1966, 89: 1105-1110. Wildavsky, A. Black rebellion and white reaction. The Public Inter- est, Spring 1968, 11: 3-16. Crime & Violence Ennis, P. H. Criminal victimization in the United States: A report of a national survey. Chicago: National Opinion Research Cen- ter, 1967. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Uniform crime reports—7970. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971. Tilly, C. Collective violence in European perspective. In H. D. Gra- ham & T. R. Gurr (Eds.), The history of violence in America, pp. 4-44. New York: Bantam, 1969. U.S. National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Vio- lence. Crimes of violence: A staff report. Vol. 12. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969. Wilson, J. Q. The urban unease. The Public Interest, Summer 1968, 12: 25-39. 184 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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Wolfgang, M. E. Urban crime. In J. Q. Wilson (Ed.), The metropoli- tan enigma, pp. 270-311. Garden City: Anchor, 1970. Physical & Mental Health Ardrey, R. The territorial imperative. New York: Atheneum, 1966. Darley, J. M., & Latane, B. When will people help in a crisis? Psy- chology Today, December 1968, 2: 54. Darley, J. M., Tiger, A., & Lewis, L. D. Do groups always inhibit individuals' responses to potential emergencies? Journal of Per- sonality and Social Psychology, June 1973, 26 (3): 395-399. Dohrenwend, B. P., & Dohrenwend, B. S. The prevalence of psychi- atric disorders in urban versus rural settings. Paper presented at the Fifth World Congress of Psychiatry, Mexico City, November 28-December 4, 1971. Fischer, C. S. Studies in the social psychology of urban life. Unpub- lished doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, 1972. . Urban alienation and anomie: Powerlessness and social iso- lation. American Sociological Review, June 1973, 38: 311-326. . Urban malaise. Social Forces, December 1973, 52, forth- coming. Foster, G. M. Interpersonal relations in peasant society. Human Or- ganization, Winter 1960-61, 19: 174-185. Freedman, J. L., Klevansky, S., & Ehrlich, P. R. The effect of crowding on human task performance. Journal of Applied Social Psy- chology, March 1971, 1: 7-25. French, J. R. P., Jr., Rodgers, W., & Cobb, S. Adjustment as person- environment fit. In G. V. Coelho, D. Hamburg, and J. Adams (Eds.), Coping and adaptation. New York: Basic Books, forth- coming. Galle, O. R., Gove, W. R., & McPherson, J. M. Population density and pathology. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Sociological Association, Denver, 1971. Glass, D. C., & Singer, J. E. Urban stress. New York: Academic Press, 1972. Lofland, L. Self-management in public settings: Part 1. Urban Life and Culture, April 1972, 1: 93-108. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 185

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Marans, R. W., & Mandell, L. The relative effectiveness of density related measures for predicting attitudes and behavior variables. Proceedings of the American Statistical Association Meetings, Social Statistics Section, 1972: 360-363. Melnick, N. Pollution cancer link disputed. San Francisco Examiner, September 14, 1972. Milgram, S. The experience of living in cities: A psychological analy- sis. Science, March 13, 1970, 167: 1461-1468. Reprinted in F. Korten (Ed.), Psychology and the problems of society, pp. 152- 173. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1970. National Research Council. Committee on Biologic Effects of Atmo- spheric Pollutants. Particulate polycyclic organic matter. Wash- ington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1972. Riesman, D., Glazer, N., & Denney, R. The lonely crowd. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1961. Robinson, J. P., & Shaver, P. R. Measures of social psychological attitudes. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, 1969. Schooler, C. Social antecedents of adult psychological functioning. American Journal of Sociology, September 1972, 78: 299-322. Seeman, M. On the meaning of alienation. American Sociological Review, December 1959, 24: 783-791. . Alienation and engagement. In A. Campbell & P. E. Converse (Eds.), The human meaning of social change, pp. 441-466. New York: Russell Sage, 1972. Sennett, R. The uses of disorder: Personal identity and city life. New York: Knopf, 1970. Shapiro, M. J. Rational political man: A synthesis of economic and socio-psychological perspectives. American Political Science Re- view, Dec. 1969, 63: 1106-1119. Simmel, G. The metropolis and mental life, Dresden v. Zahn & Jaensch, 1903. As translated in K. Wolfe (Ed.), The sociology of Georg Simmel. pp. 409-424. New York: The Free Press, 1950. Reprinted in P. K. Hatt & A. J. Reiss, Jr. (Eds.), Cities and society. pp. 635-646. New York: Free Press, 1957. 186 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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Troy, P. N. Environmental quality in four suburban areas. Canberra: Australian National University, Urban Research Unit, 1971. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Hearing levels of children by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. DHEW Publication No. (HSM) 72-1025. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972. Wilson, R. L. Liveability of the city: Attitudes and urban develop- ment. In F. S. Chapin, Jr. & S. Weiss (Eds.), Urban growth dynam- ics. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1962. Effects on Rural Areas Anderson, T. R., & Collier, J. Metropolitan dominance and the rural hinterland. Rural Sociology, June 1956, 21: 152-157. Bishop, C. E. The organization of rural America: Implications for agricultural economics. Journal of Farm Economics. December 1967, 49: 999-1008. Bowles, G. Net migration from the farm population. Paper presented at the 1961 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. Copp, J. H. Rural sociology and rural development. Presidential ad- dress, annual meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, August 26, 1972. Dewey, R. The rural-urban continuum: Real but relatively unimpor- tant. American Journal of Sociology, July 1960, 66: 60-66. Duncan, O. D. Gradients of urban influence on the rural population. Midwest Sociologist, Winter 1956, 18: 27-30. . Community size and the rural-urban continuum. In P. K. Hatt & A. J. Reiss, Jr. (Eds.), Cities and society, pp. 35-45. New York: Free Press, 1957. Fuguitt, G. V. The city and the countryside. Rural Sociology, Sep- tember 1963, 28: 246-261. . The places left behind: Population trends and policies for rural America. Rural Sociology, December 1971, 36: 449- 470. Gillette, J. M. Rural Sociology. New York: Macmillan Co., 1922. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 187

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Hathaway, D. E., Beegle, J. A., & Bryant, W. K. People of rural America. 1960 Census Monograph Series. U.S. Department of Commerce. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968. Hightower, J. Hard tomatoes, hard times: The failure of the land grant college complex. Washington, D.C.: Agribusiness Ac- countability Project, 1972. Kain, J. F., & Persky, J. J. The North's stake in Southern rural poverty. Discussion Paper No. 18. Cambridge: Harvard University, Pro- gram on Regional and Urban Economics, May 1967. Krugel, D. L. Metropolitan dominance and diffusion of human fer- tility patterns in Kentucky, 1935-1965. Rural Sociology, June 1971, 36: 141-156. National Academy of Sciences, Agricultural Board, Division of Biology and Agriculture. The quality of rural living: Procedures of a workshop. Washington, D.C.: NAS, 1971. North Central Public Policy Education Committee. Who will control U.S. agriculture? Policies affecting the organizational structure of U.S. agriculture. Special Publication 27. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois, College of Agriculture Cooperative Exten- sion Service, 1972. Schnore, L. F. The rural-urban variable: An urbanite's perspective. Rural Sociology, June 1966, 31: 131-143. Stoeckel, J., & Beegle, J. A. The relationship between the rural farm age structure and the distance from metropolitan area. Rural Soci- ology, September 1966, 31: 346-354. Tarver, J. D. Patterns of population change among Southern non- metropolitan towns, 1950-1970. Rural Sociology, March 1972, 37: 53-72. U.S. Bureau of the Census. Farm population. Current Population Reports. Series Census, ERS, P-27, No. 43. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1972. . U.S. Census of Population: 1970. Ruralpopulation by farm- nonfarm residence for counties in the U.S.: 1970. Supplemen- tary Report PC(S1)-27. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 1972. 188 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Farm population of the U.S.: 1971. Series P-27, No. 43. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1972. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Eco- nomic Development Division. The economic and social condi- tion of rural America in 1970. Committee Print, Part I. Prepared for the Committee on Government Operations, U.S. Senate, 92nd Congress, 1st Session, May 1971. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Farm Income Situation, July 1971: 218. Education Benson, C. S. The Serrano decision: Where will the money go? Public Affairs Report. Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California at Berkeley, December 1972, 13 (6): 1-5. Berke, J. S., Sacks, S., Bailey, S. K., & Campbell, A. K. Federal aid to public education: Who benefits? In J. S. Berke & M. W. Kirst, Federal aid to education: Who benefits? Who governs? pp. 1-59. Lexington: D. C. Heath, 1972. Berke, J. S., & Callahan, J. J. Serrano v. Priest: Milestone or millstone for school finance? Journal of Public Law, 1972, 21 (1): 23-71. Campbell, A. K., & Gilbert, D. A. The governance and political implications of educational finance. Mimeographed. Santa Mon- ica: Rand Corporation, 1973 forthcoming. , & Meranto, P. The metropolitan education dilemma: Match- ing resources to needs. Urban Affairs Quarterly, September 1966, 2: 42-63. Reprinted in B. T. Downes (Ed.), Cities and suburbs: Selected readings in local politics and public policy, pp. 336-352. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1971. Coons, J. E., Clune, W. H., & Sugarman, S. D. Private wealth and public education. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970. Martin, R. C. Government and the suburban school. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1962. Mayer, M. The teachers strike: New York, 1968. New York: Harper & Row, 1969. ADDITIONAL READING LIST 189

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Meranto, P. School politics in the metropolis. Columbus: Charles E. Merrill, 1970. New York State Commission on the Quality, Cost and Financing of Elementary and Secondary Education. The Fleischman report on the quality, cost, and financing of elementary and secondary education in New York State. Vol. 1. New York: Viking, 1973. Perlmutter, Emanuel. Decentralization of schools fails, Kenneth Clark says. The New York Times, May 8, 1972. Perry, C. A., & Williams, M. P. New York school centers and their community policy. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1931. Research Council of the Great Cities Program for School Improve- ment. The Challenge of financing public schools in great cities. Chicago: Research Council of the Great Cities Program for School Improvement, 1964. Sacks, S., & Ranney, D. C. Suburban education: A fiscal analysis. Urban Affairs Quarterly, September 1966, 2: 103-119. Re- printed in M. Gittell (Ed.), Educating an urban population, pp. 60-76. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1966. , , & Andrew, R. City schools/Suburban schools. Syra- cuse: Syracuse University Press, 1972. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Statistics of local public school systems: Finances 1968-69. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971. U.S. House of Representatives. School construction. Hearings be- fore the General Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, 89th Congress, 1st Session, July and August 1965. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966. Zimmer, B. G., & Hawley, A. H. Metropolitan area schools: Resis- tance to district reorganization. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1968. 190 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA