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OCR for page 191
Index accessibility 25-29, 57-58, 134 accomodation, policy of 122-125 Addams, Jane 81 agribusiness 41 Alinsky, Saul 82 automobiles 9-11, 26, 27-29, 42-43, 69, 136 behavior patterns: city vs. suburban 54-56 blacks, segregation of 19-21, 43-44 CBD (central business district) 23-24 center cities, hierarchy of 88 residential density of 13-15 suburban impact on 37-38 city-county consolidation 114, 116-117 class, social 73-75, 129 Committee for Economic Development 126 communities of limited liability 80-82, 137 community, defining 1-6, 67 councils of government 117-120, 138 courts, federal 110-114, 138 counties, role of 116-117, 138 crime 51-52, 135 demographic research, problems of 141-142 density, population 13-15, 53, 57-58 dispersal patterns 69-70 district consolidation 112-113 diversity 93-96 effective environment 26, 75-77 facilities, urban 48 federal government 105-108, 137, 138 finances, public 33-35, 105-110, 111- 112, 123-124 government, metropolitan community 103-129 fiscal problems of 33-35, 105-110, 123-124 fragmentation of 29-32, 43, 104- 105, 122, 134 research problems of 142-143 services provided by 7-8, 58, 111- 113, 120-122, 124, 142-143 health: effect of cities on 52-54 Housing and Urban Development, De- partment of (HUD) 1 decentralization 125-128, 134 demographic attributes, metropolitan 13-29, 133, 134 inner cities 12, 13-15, 37-38 institutions, urban 48, 69, 91-92 interest groups 93-95 INDEX 191

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intergovernmental service agreements 120-122, 138 intermetropolitan networks 87-91 intrametropolitan circulation 15-16, 20, 143-144 jobs: location of 21-25, 40-41, 134 labor force: location of 24-25 labor shed 40, 41, 134-135 Lakewood Plan 120 land use, suburbanization and 21-25, 43 land values 89-90 local governments cooperation among 117-120 counties and 116-117 federal aid to 105-108 fragmentation of 30-37, 104-105, 122, 134, 137 impact of federal courts on 110-114, 123 intergovernmental service agree- ments 120-122 policy of accomodation of 122-125 responsiveness to microcommunity of 81-84, 122-123 state aid to 108-110, 123-124 macroneighborhoods 64-65 manufacturing: location of 21-22 metropolitan areas: classification of 88 metropolitan communities access to opportunities in 25-29 councils of governments for 117-120 demographic attributes 13-29, 133, 134 metropolitan experience 47-65, 135, 144-145 metropolitanization 7-45 consequences of for microcom- munity 67-75 effects of 96-100 growth of 7-13, 87-88, 96-99 research problems in 141-146 microcommunity 67-84, 136-137 boundaries of 75-77 changes in 68-75 enhancement of influence of 81-84 participation in 78-81 research problems 146 microneighborhoods 64-65 migration, intrametropolitan 15-16, 20, 143-144 Mobilization for Youth 82-83 Model Cities program 83 multiple-dwelling units, suburban 17-18, 19 employment radius of 40 government 103-129 governmental attributes 29-38 networks of 87-91 patterns of living in 54-56 reorganizations of 114-116 role of counties in 116-117 socioeconomic characteristics 33- 37, 133 national life, spatial dimension of 87-100 neighborhood unit 59 neighborhoods 64-65, 136 neighboring 71, 74 networks, urban 87-91, 137, 145 noise, city 52-53 patterns of living 54-56, 135 Perry, Clarence 59 personal services: location of 23 planning, urban level of resident satisfaction and 57-64 and local government 117-120 pluralistic society 4-5, 94-95 pollution: health effect of 52-54, 135 population, urban 9, 48-50, 87-88 density of 13-15, 53 Poverty, War on 83 primary-group relationships 50-51 public finance 33-35, 105-110, Hi- ll 2, 123-124 192 TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF METROPOLITAN AMERICA

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public services 58,111-113,120-122, 124, 142-143 quality-of-life: evaluation of 61-64 reapportionment 110-111, 138 relationships dispersal of 69-70 primary- and secondary-group 50-51 reorganization, metropolitan 114-116, 125-128, 138 research problems, metropolitan 141- 146 residential environments choice of 71-72, 73, 144 satisfaction with 57-64, 135-136, 145 retail establishments: location of 21-22 revenue-sharing 106-108, 124 rural areas: urbanization of 39-41 SMSA (Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area) 15 satisfaction: measures of 61-64, 145 schools, financing of 33-35, 111-113 secondary-group relationships 50-51 segregation, urban 16, 19-21, 25, 43-44 service industries 23, 93, 95 services, public 48, 58, 111-113, 120- 122, 124, 142-143 settlement house movement 81-82 settlement patterns, metropolitan 8-9 shopping centers: location of 22 site design 58-61 social structure, urban 48-51, 73-75 socioeconomic factors 35-37, 133 in patterns of living 54-56, 135 and urban localism 128-130 spatial dimension: national life and 87- 100 special service districts 115-116 specialization 92 state government 108-110, 137, 138 subcultures 49-50 suburbs 17-19 cost to central cities of 37-38, 41-45 jobs and 21-25 patterns of living in 54-56 taxes disparities of 35, 111-113 special district 115-116 telephone networks 10, 11, 26, 144 time-distance factor 9-11, 40-41 urban mobility: research on 143 urban localism and metropolitan decentralization 125-128 and socioeconomic stratification 128-130 urban sprawl 41-45, 135 urbanization 1-2, 7, 41, 96-100 violence 51-52, 135 War on Poverty 83 wholesale establishments: location of 23 Youth, Mobilization for 82-83 INDEX 193

OCR for page 191

OCR for page 191

OCR for page 191

OCR for page 191